Scroll Views are widely used in Android Layouts. Now-a-days, when user scrolls down, the application usually hides the header or sometimes loads more content on scroll. So there are several uses of having access to
ScrollChange event. Now the Android API > 20 provides the implementation to scroll change event of
ScrollView but that doesn't works on all devices. I faced this problem when I was in full swing of release as I tested my application on Simulator where the existing implementation works. So we need a robust solution to this. Let's see how we will do that.
The audience to this article can be beginners of Xamarin/Android development. This article will include a very simple application with One Layout and One Activity. Having little knowledge of '
Interfaces' will be addon for the audience. I expect you have set the Xamarin Development Environment. Let's us begin by adding a blank Android Application.
Using the Code
Please read the following steps carefully by adding a new xamrin project or you can make the change in your existing project just by following the steps.
Step 1: Add Project
Add New Project with the following files:
As you can see, I have added a blank project with just one Layout that is our Main.axml layout.
Step 2: The Layout
Let's add some content to our view so that we can have some content atleast to make our screen scrollable. So I have added the following layout:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
As you can see above, I have firstly added 2
TextViews just to add some content and I gave them height of '
500dp' but setting
Now, I have the content which has a height of more than my screen resolution height. Hence, if we add a
ScrollView, we will have window with scrollable content on it. So, I add a parent Layout as a
ScrollView and gave it ID
Step 3: The Activity
As we know, all our programming part goes to the
activity class that is associated with a particular layout. So we have this very basic
activity class that implements the above Main.xaml layout. let's have look at the content.
Step 4: Detect the ScrollView On Scroll Change Event
Now here comes the most important part of our article to add the events to detect if page is scrolled, Now let's first add the following code to our main activity file's
ScrollView MainLayout_ScrollView1 = (ScrollView)FindViewById(Resource.Id.MainLayout_ScrollView1);
As you can see, I have added the scroll change listener to the tree of the scrollview not the scrollview itself.
But this will throw an error as this is just an
abstract method we called and still needs to be implemented.
Implement the Interface for TreeViewScrollChangeListener
Let's inherit the class
ViewTreeObserver.IOnScrollChangedListener to our main activity class so that we can implement the
OnScrollChange method of this interface.
[Activity(Label = "Scroll View Events", MainLauncher = true, Icon = "@drawable/icon")]
public class MainActivity : Activity, ViewTreeObserver.IOnScrollChangedListener
Definition of the interface
The method that this interface has is the following. You can see it just by pressing F12 once you click on
IScrollChangedListener text above.
public interface IOnScrollChangedListener : IJavaObject, IDisposable
Mono.Android, Version=0.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null")]
Now, we just need to implement this method and write the code to detect the scroll position. SO, just add the following code.
public void OnScrollChanged()
ScrollView MainLayout_ScrollView1 =
double scrollingSpace =
MainLayout_ScrollView1.GetChildAt(0).Height - MainLayout_ScrollView1.Height;
if (scrollingSpace <= MainLayout_ScrollView1.ScrollY)
Toast.MakeText(this, "You have reached to the bottom!", ToastLength.Short);
Step 5: Build & Run
Just build the application and run it. You will see output screen. When you scroll it, on reaching to the bottom of the screen, it will display a toast message.
Points of Interest
We can find a scroll event on the page by a little hack to the
TreeViewObserver and can implement an application that is more interactive to user and has better performance.