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JavaScript Event Calendar for Resource Scheduling

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20 Nov 2023Apache10 min read 804.8K   4.9K   468   86
Weekly HTML5 event calendar with CSS themes, drag and drop support, date navigator. PHP and ASP.NET Core REST API backends.
In this article, we build a simple HTML5 event calendar web application. The client-side (HTML5/JavaScript) part is universal. We use sample PHP and ASP.NET Core backends. This article looks at changing calendar date using a date picker (on left side), drag and drop event creating, moving and resizing, changing look in a single click using a CSS theme, PHP backend, and ASP.NET Core backend (REST API).

Open-Source JavaScript/HTML5 Event Calendar/Scheduler

In this article, we will build a simple HTML5/JavaScript event calendar web application. The client-side part is universal. We will use sample PHP and ASP.NET Core backends.

Features:

  • Weekly HTML5 event calendar/scheduler
  • Resource scheduler mode that displays resources as column
  • Changing the calendar using a date navigator (on the left side)
  • Drag and drop event creating, moving and resizing
  • Adding icons and images to events (status, assigned resource, context menu hints)
  • Changing the look in a single click using a CSS theme
  • PHP REST backend
  • ASP.NET Core REST backend (.NET 8, Entity Framework)

We will use the open-source DayPilot Lite for JavaScript [javascript.daypilot.org] to build the event calendar. DayPilot Lite for JavaScript is available under Apache License 2.0.

New Tutorial: ASP.NET Core Maintenance Scheduling

Image 2

A new tutorial that explains how to create a color-coded maintenance plan in ASP.NET Core using DayPilot is now available:

This maintenance scheduling application has the following features:

  • The application works with maintenance types that define a blueprint for each maintenance task.
  • Each maintenance type has a specified color, and defines a checklist of actions that need to be performed during maintenance.
  • The scheduled tasks are displayed in a monthly scheduling calendar view.
  • You can adjust the plan using drag and drop and move the scheduled tasks as needed.
  • When all checklist actions are completed, you can easily schedule the date of the next maintenance.
  • The fronted is implemented in HTML5/JavaScript.
  • The backend is implemented using ASP.NET Core, Entity Framework and SQL Server.

Step 1: Event Calendar JavaScript Library

Include daypilot-all.min.js. No other dependencies are required for the basic look (the default CSS theme is embedded).

HTML
<script src="js/daypilot/daypilot-all.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 

Step 2: Event Calendar Placeholder

Add a placeholder <div> to the HTML5 page:

HTML
<div id="dp"></div> 

Step 3: Initialize the Scheduler

Initialize the scheduler using Daypilot.Calendar class:

HTML
<script type="text/javascript">
  const dp = new DayPilot.Calendar("dp", {
    viewType: "Week"
  });
  dp.init();
</script>

These simple steps will render an empty scheduler:

Image 3

Step 4: Load Data

We will load the data to the event calendar using a simple HTTP call:

JavaScript
async function loadEvents() {
  const start = dp.visibleStart();
  const end = dp.visibleEnd();

  // in .NET, use "/api/CalendarEvents?start=${start}&end=${end)"
  const {data} = await DayPilot.Http.get(`backend_events.php?start=${start}&end=${end)`);
  dp.update({
    events: data
  });
}

Since version 2018.2.232, you can also use a built-in shortcut method to load events:

JavaScript
function loadEvents() {
  // in .NET, use "api/CalendarEvents"
  dp.events.load("backend_events.php"); 
}

You can detect the currently-visible date range using visibleStart() and visibleEnd() methods. The events.load() method adds the start and end to the URL query string automatically.

The backend_event.php endpoint returns the calendar event data in the following format:

JavaScript
[
  {
    "id":"1",
    "text":"Calendar Event 1",
    "start":"2023-02-25T10:30:00",
    "end":"2023-02-25T16:30:00"
  },
  {
    "id":"2",
    "text":"Calendar Event 2",
    "start":"2023-02-24T09:00:00",
    "end":"2023-02-24T14:30:00"
  },
  {
    "id":"3",
    "text":"Calendar Event 3",
    "start":"2023-02-27T12:00:00",
    "end":"2023-02-27T16:00:00"
  }
]

PHP backend (backend_events.php):

PHP
<?php
require_once '_db.php';
    
$stmt = $db->prepare('SELECT * FROM events WHERE NOT ((end <= :start) OR (start >= :end))');

$stmt->bindParam(':start', $_GET['start']);
$stmt->bindParam(':end', $_GET['end']);

$stmt->execute();
$result = $stmt->fetchAll();

class Event {}
$events = array();

foreach($result as $row) {
  $e = new Event();
  $e->id = $row['id'];
  $e->text = $row['name'];
  $e->start = $row['start'];
  $e->end = $row['end'];
  $events[] = $e;
}

echo json_encode($events);

?>

ASP.NET Core backend (CalendarEventsController.cs):

C#
// GET: api/CalendarEvents
[HttpGet]
public async Task<ActionResult<IEnumerable<CalendarEvent>>> 
       GetEvents([FromQuery] DateTime start, [FromQuery] DateTime end)
{
    return await _context.Events
        .Where(e => !((e.End <= start) || (e.Start >= end)))
        .ToListAsync();
} 

Read more about loading the calendar event data [doc.daypilot.org].

Step 5: Event Moving

Image 4

The drag and drop user actions (selecting a time range, event moving, event resizing) are enabled by default in the scheduler.

We just need to add custom handler to submit the changes to the server side using an AJAX call.

JavaScript event handler (for PHP):

JavaScript
const dp = new DayPilot.Calendar("dp", {
  // ...
  onEventMoved: async (args) => {
    const data = {
      id: args.e.id(),
      newStart: args.newStart,
      newEnd: args.newEnd,
    };
    await DayPilot.Http.post(`backend_move.php`, data);
    console.log("The calendar event was moved.");
  }
});

PHP backend (backend_move.php):

PHP
<?php

require_once '_db.php';

$json = file_get_contents('php://input');
$params = json_decode($json);

$insert = "UPDATE events SET start = :start, end = :end WHERE id = :id";

$stmt = $db->prepare($insert);

$stmt->bindParam(':start', $params->newStart);
$stmt->bindParam(':end', $params->newEnd);
$stmt->bindParam(':id', $params->id);

$stmt->execute();

class Result {}

$response = new Result();
$response->result = 'OK';
$response->message = 'Update was successful';

header('Content-Type: application/json');
echo json_encode($response);

JavaScript event handler (for ASP.NET Core):

JavaScript
const dp = new DayPilot.Calendar("dp", {
  // ...
  onEventMoved: async (args) => {
    const id = args.e.id();
    const data = {
        id: args.e.id(),
        start: args.newStart,
        end: args.newEnd,
        text: args.e.text()
    };
    await DayPilot.Http.put(`/api/CalendarEvents/${id}`, data);
    console.log("The calendar event was moved.");
  }
});

ASP.NET Core backend (CalendarEventsController.cs):

C#
// PUT: api/CalendarEvents/5
[HttpPut("{id}")]
public async Task<IActionResult> PutCalendarEvent(int id, CalendarEvent calendarEvent)
{
    if (id != calendarEvent.Id)
    {
        return BadRequest();
    }

    _context.Entry(calendarEvent).State = EntityState.Modified;

    try
    {
        await _context.SaveChangesAsync();
    }
    catch (DbUpdateConcurrencyException)
    {
        if (!CalendarEventExists(id))
        {
            return NotFound();
        }
        else
        {
            throw;
        }
    }

    return NoContent();
} 

Read more about drag and drop event moving [doc.daypilot.org].

Step 6: Event Editing

Image 5

You can use DayPilot Modal dialog to edit the events details. DayPilot Modal is an open-source library for building modal forms from code (online Modal Dialog Builder application for visual modal dialog design is also available).

First, we add an onEventClick event handler that is fired when users click an existing event.

Our modal dialog will have just a single form field (text value called "Name"):

JavaScript
const form = [
  {name: "Name", id: "text"}
];

Now we can open the modal dialog using DayPilot.Modal.form() method. The second parameter specifies the source data object. The data object will be used to fill the initial values (the id value of the form item specifies the property/field of the data object).

The DayPilot.Modal.form() method returns a promise. That means we can use the await syntax to wait for the result and simplify the code:

JavaScript
const modal = await DayPilot.Modal.form(form, args.e.data);
if (modal.canceled) {
  return;
}

The result is available as modal.result object. It's a copy of the original object, with the updated values applied.

This is our onEventClick event handler:

JavaScript
const dp = new DayPilot.Calendar("dp", {
  // ...
  onEventClick: async (args) => {
    const form = [
      {name: "Name", id: "text"}
    ];

    const modal = await DayPilot.Modal.form(form, args.e.data);
    if (modal.canceled) {
      return;
    }

    // PHP

    const data = {
      id: args.e.id(),
      text: modal.result.text
    };
    await DayPilot.Http.post(`backend_update.php`, data);
    
    // .NET 7
    /*

    const id = args.e.id();
    const data = {
        id: args.e.id(),
        start: args.e.start(),
        end: args.e.end(),
        text: modal.result.text
    };
    await DayPilot.Http.put(`/api/CalendarEvents/${id}`, data);

    */

    dp.events.update({
      ...args.e.data,
      text: modal.result.text
    });
    console.log("The calendar event was updated.");

  }
});

PHP backend (backend_update.php):

PHP
<?php
require_once '_db.php';

$json = file_get_contents('php://input');
$params = json_decode($json);

$insert = "UPDATE events SET name = :text WHERE id = :id";

$stmt = $db->prepare($insert);

$stmt->bindParam(':text', $params->text);

$stmt->execute();

class Result {}

$response = new Result();
$response->result = 'OK';
$response->message = 'Update successful';

header('Content-Type: application/json');
echo json_encode($response);

Step 7: Apply the CSS Theme

HTML5 Event Calendar - CSS Theme

If you want to use a custom CSS theme, you need to include the stylesheet:

HTML
<link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="themes/calendar_transparent.css" /> 

And set the theme property during initialization:

HTML
<script type="text/javascript">
  const dp = new DayPilot.Calendar("dp", {
    viewType: "Week",
    theme: "calendar_transparent"
  });
  dp.init();
</script> 

You can choose one of the included CSS themes or you can create your own using the online CSS theme designer.

Configurator App with Live Preview

Image 7

Now you can easily configure the daily/weekly and monthly calendar components using an online UI Builder app that lets you preview the configuration changes in a live DayPilot instance and generate a new project with a preconfigured calendar component (JavaScript/HTML, JavaScript/NPM, TypeScript, Angular, React and Vue project targets are supported):

Scheduler CSS Themes

DayPilot Lite for JavaScript comes with several pre-built CSS themes.

You can create your own theme using the online CSS theme designer [themes.daypilot.org].

Default CSS Theme

Image 8

Green CSS Theme

Image 9

Traditional CSS Theme

Image 10

Transparent CSS Theme

Image 11

White CSS Theme

Image 12

Monthly Event Calendar

Image 13

DayPilot also includes a monthly event calendar view. The API of the monthly view control uses the same design as the daily/weekly calendar:

HTML
<div id="dp"></div>

<script type="text/javascript">
  const dp = new DayPilot.Month("dp");
  dp.startDate = "2023-01-01";
  dp.init();
</script>

Event Calendar Localization

Image 14

You can switch the event calendar locale easily using .locale property:

HTML
<script type="text/javascript">
  const dp = new DayPilot.Calendar("dp");
  dp.locale = "de-de";
  dp.init();
</script>  

The calendar includes built-in support for many following locales [api.daypilot.org].

You can also create and register your own locale:

JavaScript
DayPilot.Locale.register(
  new DayPilot.Locale('en-us', 
  {
    'dayNames':['Sunday','Monday','Tuesday','Wednesday','Thursday','Friday','Saturday'],
    'dayNamesShort':['Su','Mo','Tu','We','Th','Fr','Sa'],
    'monthNames':['January','February','March','April','May',
                  'June','July','August','September','October','November','December'],
    'monthNamesShort':['Jan','Feb','Mar','Apr','May','Jun',
                       'Jul','Aug','Sep','Oct','Nov','Dec'],
    'timePattern':'h:mm tt',
    'datePattern':'M/d/yyyy',
    'dateTimePattern':'M/d/yyyy h:mm tt',
    'timeFormat':'Clock12Hours',
    'weekStarts':0
  }
)); 

Changing the Scheduler Date using a Date Picker

Image 15

You can use the DayPilot.Navigator date picker control (on the left side in the screenshot above) to change the scheduler dates (the visible week):

HTML
<div id="nav"></div>

<script type="text/javascript">
  const datePicker = new DayPilot.Navigator("nav", {
    showMonths: 3,
    skipMonths: 3,
    selectMode: "Week",
    onTimeRangeSelected: args => {
      dp.update({startDate: args.day});
      app.loadEvents();
    }
  });
  datePicker.init();
</script>

Duration Bar

HTML5 event calendar with duration bar support

Version 1.1 of the DayPilot Lite HTML5 event calendar supports a duration bar (an indicator of real calendar event duration on the left side of the event). It is enabled by default and you can style it using the CSS theme.

Event Customization (HTML, CSS)

HTML5 Event Calendar Customization

Since version 1.3 SP3, DayPilot Lite supports event customization using onBeforeEventRender event handler:

HTML
<div id="dp"></div>

<script type="text/javascript">

    const dp = new DayPilot.Calendar("dp");

    // view
    dp.startDate = "2016-06-06";
    dp.viewType = "Week";
    dp.durationBarVisible = false;

    dp.events.list = [
        {
            "start": "2016-06-07T10:00:00",
            "end": "2016-06-07T13:00:00",
            "id": "29b7a553-d44f-8f2c-11e1-a7d5f62eb123",
            "text": "Event 3",
            "backColor": "#B6D7A8",
            "borderColor": "#6AA84F"
        },
        {
            "start": "2016-06-07T14:00:00",
            "end": "2016-06-07T17:00:00",
            "id": "ff968cfb-eba1-8dc1-7396-7f0d4f465c8a",
            "text": "Event 4",
            "backColor": "#EA9999",
            "borderColor": "#CC0000",
            "tags": {
                "type": "important"
            }
        }
    ];

    dp.onBeforeEventRender = args => {
        if (args.data.tags && args.data.tags.type === "important"){
            args.data.html = "<b>Important Event</b><br>" + args.data.text;
            args.data.fontColor = "#fff";
            args.data.backColor = "#E06666";
        }
    };

    dp.init();

</script>

You can use it to customize the following properties:

  • backColor
  • barBackColor
  • barColor
  • barHidden
  • borderColor
  • cssClass
  • fontColor
  • html
  • toolTip

Demo:

Monthly Calendar Event Customization

Image 18

Event customization support was added to the monthly calendar control in DayPilot Lite for JavaScript 1.3 SP4.

DayPilot Month supports customization of the following event properties:

  • backColor
  • borderColor
  • cssClass
  • fontColor
  • html
  • toolTip

Demo:

Example:

HTML
<div id="dp"></div>

<script type="text/javascript">
    const dp = new DayPilot.Month("dp");

    // ...
    
    dp.events.list = [
        {
            "start": "2021-03-03T00:00:00",
            "end": "2021-03-03T12:00:00",
            "id": "5a8376d2-8e3d-9739-d5d9-c1fba6ec02f9",
            "text": "Event 3"
        },
        {
            "start": "2021-02-25T00:00:00",
            "end": "2021-02-27T12:00:00",
            "id": "1fa34626-113a-ccb7-6a38-308e6cbe571e",
            "text": "Event 4",
            "tags": {
                "type": "important"
            }
        },
        // ...
    ];

    dp.onBeforeEventRender = args => {
        var type = args.data.tags && args.data.tags.type;
        switch (type) {
            case "important":
                args.data.fontColor = "#fff";
                args.data.backColor = "#E06666";
                args.data.borderColor = "#E06666";
                break;
            // ...
        }
    };

    dp.init();

</script>

Support for Angular, React, and Vue

Version 2022.1 of DayPilot Lite includes support for Angular, React, and Vue frameworks. See the following tutorials for a quick introduction and a sample project download:

Resource Calendar

Image 19

Since version 2022.2, DayPilot Lite includes a resource calendar view which displays resources as columns.

This view lets you schedule events or make reservations for multiple resources and show them side-by-side.

Quick example:

JavaScript
const calendar = new DayPilot.Calendar("calendar", {
  viewType: "Resources",
  columns: [
    { name: "Room 1", id: "R1" },
    { name: "Room 2", id: "R2" },
    { name: "Room 3", id: "R3" },
    { name: "Room 4", id: "R4" },
  ]
});
calendar.init();

Read more in the resource calendar tutorials for JavaScript, Angular, React and Vue.

Icons and Context Menu

Image 20

Since version 2022.4, the calendar component supports event context menu and icons.

Icons can be added using active areas. Active areas are a universal tool for adding elements to events - you can use them to add images, status icons, action buttons, and drag handles.

Example:

JavaScript
onBeforeEventRender: args => {
  args.data.areas = [
    {
      top: 5,
      right: 5,
      width: 16,
      height: 16,
      symbol: "icons/daypilot.svg#minichevron-down-4",
      fontColor: "#666",
      visibility: "Hover",
      action: "ContextMenu",
      style: "background-color: #f9f9f9; border: 1px solid #666; 
              cursor:pointer; border-radius: 15px;"
    }
  ];
},
contextMenu: new DayPilot.Menu({
  items: [
    {
      text: "Edit...",
      onClick: args => {
        app.editEvent(args.source);
      }
    },
    {
      text: "Delete",
      onClick: args => {
        app.deleteEvent(args.source);
      }
    },
    {
      text: "-"
    },
    {
      text: "Duplicate",
      onClick: args => {
        app.duplicateEvent(args.source);
      }
    },
  ]
})

Day/Week/Month Calendar Views Switching

Image 21

Since version 2023.2, DayPilot includes a helper for easy switching between the defined views (day/week/month/custom), with an integrated date picker (the view is synchronized with the date picker selection).

See more in the following tutorial:

New Feature: Resource Header Customization

Image 22

Since version 2023.3, DayPilot allows customization of the column headers. Now you can use the onBeforeHeaderRender event handler to modify the text/HTML, change background color, add icons, action buttons and custom elements to the header.

This is especially useful in the resource calendar/scheduler mode, where you display resources as columns - you can easily display an image of the resource, add a status icon or an edit button.

Live demos:

See Also

History

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Apache License, Version 2.0


Written By
Czech Republic Czech Republic
My open-source event calendar/scheduling web UI components:

DayPilot for JavaScript, Angular, React and Vue

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionLocalization suport Pin
robertotelles0013-Oct-23 4:38
robertotelles0013-Oct-23 4:38 
AnswerRe: Localization suport Pin
Dan Letecky16-Oct-23 0:30
Dan Letecky16-Oct-23 0:30 
GeneralRe: Localization suport Pin
robertotelles0016-Oct-23 3:34
robertotelles0016-Oct-23 3:34 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
LussoTorino16-Aug-23 3:20
professionalLussoTorino16-Aug-23 3:20 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Dan Letecky21-Aug-23 8:39
Dan Letecky21-Aug-23 8:39 
QuestionASP.NET MVC Compatibility Pin
robertotelles0024-Mar-23 8:28
robertotelles0024-Mar-23 8:28 
AnswerRe: ASP.NET MVC Compatibility Pin
Dan Letecky24-Mar-23 9:34
Dan Letecky24-Mar-23 9:34 
GeneralRe: ASP.NET MVC Compatibility Pin
robertotelles0025-Mar-23 4:16
robertotelles0025-Mar-23 4:16 
Questionnice proyect Pin
Member 1409010012-Apr-22 5:59
Member 1409010012-Apr-22 5:59 
AnswerRe: nice proyect Pin
Dan Letecky12-Apr-22 6:21
Dan Letecky12-Apr-22 6:21 
QuestionCould u use XML 4 persistence ? Pin
NG_AU11-Apr-22 21:50
NG_AU11-Apr-22 21:50 
AnswerRe: Could u use XML 4 persistence ? Pin
Dan Letecky12-Apr-22 6:21
Dan Letecky12-Apr-22 6:21 
Questionintegrar con mysql Pin
JHON EDWARD VASQUEZ21-Nov-21 3:14
professionalJHON EDWARD VASQUEZ21-Nov-21 3:14 
QuestionMessage Closed Pin
12-Sep-21 18:05
acmatrix12-Sep-21 18:05 
QuestionCan be configured to have more than one resource? Pin
Toutsaint24-Jul-19 13:36
Toutsaint24-Jul-19 13:36 
QuestionColliding events Pin
Member 1447118426-May-19 10:24
Member 1447118426-May-19 10:24 
QuestionRecurring events? RRULE? Pin
21Junipers19-Jun-18 13:06
21Junipers19-Jun-18 13:06 
QuestionIs it free and can use commercial product Pin
Mou_kol27-Feb-18 21:54
Mou_kol27-Feb-18 21:54 
AnswerRe: Is it free and can use commercial product Pin
Dan Letecky18-Jun-18 5:45
Dan Letecky18-Jun-18 5:45 
There are two version of DayPilot. This article uses the open-source version (DayPilot Lite for JavaScript) which is free to use.
--
My open-source AJAX controls:
DayPilot for JavaScript/HTML5/jQuery - Calendar/Scheduling Control for JavaScript
DayPilot for ASP.NET - Calendar/Scheduling Control for ASP.NET WebForms
DayPilot for MVC - Calendar/Scheduling Control for ASP.NET MVC
DayPilot for Java - Calendar/Scheduling Control for Java

QuestionOverlapping Events? Pin
Connie DeCinko15-Dec-16 5:28
Connie DeCinko15-Dec-16 5:28 
QuestionOverlapping Events? Pin
Connie DeCinko15-Dec-16 5:28
Connie DeCinko15-Dec-16 5:28 
Questioncanendar does not show if I change index.cshtml Pin
petercli17-Sep-16 5:53
petercli17-Sep-16 5:53 
GeneralCalendar/Scheduler event coding system Pin
Member 1270290925-Aug-16 1:25
Member 1270290925-Aug-16 1:25 
QuestionJuste thanks for sharing Pin
JulienduWeb9-Jun-16 4:12
JulienduWeb9-Jun-16 4:12 
AnswerRe: Juste thanks for sharing Pin
Dan Letecky9-Jun-16 22:17
Dan Letecky9-Jun-16 22:17 

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