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Running CodeProject.AI Server on a Raspberry Pi

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10 Aug 2023CPOL4 min read 14.8K   11   5
Building, running and debugging CodeProject.AI Server on a Raspberry Pi
This article explains how to set up a Raspberry Pi with a 64-bit operating system, install Visual Studio Code, and run CodeProject.AI Server for debugging a .NET 7 app with Python modules running AI inference on the Raspberry Pi.

This is for those brave enough to run the code directly from VS Code. If you want to simply use your RPi with a Coral stick without the fuss, check out the Raspberry Pi (Arm64) tab in our Docker documentation to use CodeProject.AI Server in a docker image on Raspberry Pi with Coral.

A Raspberry Pi is a very, very modest little computer. It has a quad-core Arm64 CPU running at 1.8GHz, 4Gb DDR4 RAM, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, some ports and not a lot else. It's cheap, it's tiny, and it can run Visual Studio Code debugging a .NET 7 app that's spawned half a dozen Python modules running AI inference.

Let's walk through this.

Step 1: Upgrade to a 64 bit Operating System

My Raspberry Pi 400 initially came with the 32bit OS for reasons unknown to me. Let's fix this by heading to the Raspberry Pi site and grabbing the imager.

To use the imager, make sure you have a microSD card connected to your machine. I initially chose a 1Tb SD card ($30!) to ensure everything would fit, but that seemed to cause issues with the imager. Formatting the card prior to using the imager didn't help, so I switched to a more modest (and more reputably branded) 128Gb card.

Image 1

Image 2

Once you have run the image to install the new 64bit OS on the card, insert it into your Raspberry Pi and power up.

Step 2: Visual Studio Code

This is the easy one, thanks to Microsoft. Open a terminal window on the Pi and type:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install code

Launch VS Code, sign in, sync your settings and set it up just so and you are good to go. VS Code on a Raspberry Pi is a testament to both the power of the Raspberry Pi and the efficiency of VS Code.

Step 3: CodeProject.AI Server

In VS Code, clone the CodeProject.AI Server repository as you would normally. Make sure you have enough room on your Raspberry Pi's SD card. A few Gb should be plenty.

Once you've pulled the repo, you will need to set things up. Again, this is straightforward.

Open a new terminal and head to the /src folder in the repo. The easiest way is via Terminal menu in VS Code: choose 'New Terminal', then within the terminal window just 'cd src' and you're there. Alternatively, open a terminal from the Raspberry Pi System menu, and head to the /src directory in the CodeProject.AI Server repository.

Once there, run


Image 3

The Runtimes

The setup script is generally fast except for the excruciatingly slow process of the initial installation of Python 3.7. The Raspberry Pi's come with Python 3.9 installed, but for 3.7, you will need to compile from source. Thankfully Theo van der Sluijs has created a script that handles this for us. It took nearly an hour for it to complete on my Pi, with the vast majority of the time was spent running the regression tests.

After Python comes .NET 7, which is handled by another script, thanks to Pete Gallaghar.

Don't worry - you don't need to download anything: the script has everything you need and will do this for you.

The Modules

Once the runtimes are setup, the module installation is the same as any other platform. Just let the scripts do its thing. The Python virtual environments will be setup for each module that requires one, and the models that each module will run will be downloaded and placed in the correct location.

Building and Debugging

Once the setup script has been run, it's time to build and launch. Again, this is a bit of a non-event because you just go to the Run and Debug panel in VS Code and choose Build All & Launch Server Arm64 from the dropdown.

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We have separate x64 and Arm64 builds because some modules, such as PortraitFilter, which use Microsoft.ML.OnnxRuntime aren't supported in Arm64 and so need to be excluded from the Arm64 build.

Clicking the arrow next to the dropdown will launch the server. You can debug and step through the server code on a Raspberry Pi just like any other VS Code installation. On launch, the same dashboard UI appears, and you can open the same explorer experience.

Image 5

Again, we need to remember that this is a tiny computer with a very limited amount of RAM. I tend to use the smallest models that a given module will allow me to use, but even then, inference times can be over a second.

Image 6

Improving Performance

The next step in developing for the Raspberry Pi will be tackled using three approaches:

  1. Sourcing new modules that are faster, leaner, and more tuned to a resource limited environment like a Pi
  2. Providing smaller and leaner models
  3. Providing support for external AI accelerators such as the Coral AI USB stick

For now, though, we have the ability to debug issues with Python packages, .NET installs, server quirks, hardware reporting and our setup scripts natively on the Pi. This makes targeting the Raspberry Pi exceptionally easy, as long as one is patient.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

Written By
Founder CodeProject
Canada Canada
Chris Maunder is the co-founder of CodeProject and, and has been a prominent figure in the software development community for nearly 30 years. Hailing from Australia, Chris has a background in Mathematics, Astrophysics, Environmental Engineering and Defence Research. His programming endeavours span everything from FORTRAN on Super Computers, C++/MFC on Windows, through to to high-load .NET web applications and Python AI applications on everything from macOS to a Raspberry Pi. Chris is a full-stack developer who is as comfortable with SQL as he is with CSS.

In the late 1990s, he and his business partner David Cunningham recognized the need for a platform that would facilitate knowledge-sharing among developers, leading to the establishment of in 1999. Chris's expertise in programming and his passion for fostering a collaborative environment have played a pivotal role in the success of Over the years, the website has grown into a vibrant community where programmers worldwide can connect, exchange ideas, and find solutions to coding challenges. Chris is a prolific contributor to the developer community through his articles and tutorials, and his latest passion project, CodeProject.AI.

In addition to his work with, Chris co-founded ContentLab and DeveloperMedia, two projects focussed on helping companies make their Software Projects a success. Chris's roles included Product Development, Content Creation, Client Satisfaction and Systems Automation.

Comments and Discussions

QuestionServer Pin
Frank Ingendahl2-Nov-23 1:12
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Chris Maunder2-Nov-23 3:19
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Frank Ingendahl3-Nov-23 6:56
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