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29 Nov 2012CPOL23 min read 63K   27   27
Creating a touch enabled sensor numerical application for the latest generation of Ultrabooks

This article is an entry in our AppInnovation Contest. Articles in this sub-section are not required to be full articles so care should be taken when voting.

Sumerics logo


In this article, we will go through the initial creation steps of a touch enabled numerical computing environment, i.e., one that is optimized for touch enabled computing devices. The app is called Sumerics, which is short for sensor numerics. The core of the program is the Open Source project YAMP, which is basically a (highly extensible) parser and interpreter for numerical mathematics.

The application has two main goals:

  1. Intuitive user interface for numerical manipulations of data which is optimized for touch screens and sensors.
  2. Direct access to both data from files in various formats and real-time sensor data as an input for computations.

We would like to do as much as we can with sensor data, however, that should not limit the user to such data. The user should be able to bring in his own data (from already saved binary files, images, plain text files, or text files with a CSV format), modify it, and make calculations with it. The application should never dictate the user to take sensor data, even though that will be one of the features of this application.

With the application, we want to present real-time visualization for the data. If a user selects one scalar, we either show its point location in a Gaussian plane along with some statistics like absolute value and phase (for a complex number) or some interesting properties for an integer, like the previous and next prime number, its prime factors or the nor in general the numbers importance in the current workspace. If the user selects a matrix or vector, we either display a histogram with the absolute values, or a 2D or 3D plot depending on the dimensions. If two saved variables are marked, the application tries to find some relations between them. In some cases, the most likely relation is an x-y plot. Otherwise, a histogram is shown as well.

The visualization does not stop here. We use the device orientation and the ambient light sensor to embed the 3D plots into the real environment of the device. The best thing, however, is that all plots can be generated in real time. This sounds like no usage at all, at first, but we will explain the graphical function editor later on, which can produce output, which can then be used for a final evaluation in form of a (3D) plot.

We will discuss the required steps to write a plugin for YAMP that extends the given function base with special sensor functions. These functions are directly connected to the hardware sensors of the system / Ultrabook, via the Sensor API for desktop applications.


Let's discuss the sensors we take care of first:

  • Accelerometer: acc()
  • Ambient-Light-Sensor: light()
  • Compass: comp()
  • Device Orientation: orient()
  • Gyrometer: gyro()
  • Inclinometer: inc()
  • Location GPS: gps()

The function call with no parameter always returns the current value(s). Some functions might have more parameters, to switch some mode or return only a subset of possible return values. We implemented all functions in a way, that they are already documented and provide examples to the end-user. Therefore YAMP will do the required work for us, to display the appropriate help when the help() function has been used.

Another important part of Sumerics is the user interface. Actually, the user interface is what makes Sumerics different from other educational / numerical applications. On the one side, we did not want to re-invent the wheel, on the other side, it was quite important to use some oldies but goldies. Therefore, we also use the three corner stones:

  • A workspace view with all current variables
  • A history view with recently typed commands and outputs
  • A textbox for entering new commands

Apart from this selection of oldies we added a new function box, with the frequently / recently used functions shown on top. The list can be easily searched or filtered (same is true for the workspace). Additionally, we added a view with the available sensors, which simplifies access and shows the user the current values in nice real time charts.

For giving our application some depth (while not ignoring the touch input possibilities), we added a panorama control. From this point on, we can easily extend our applications with a lot of extra gadgets, views and possibilities. One of those possibilities is the graphical function editor, which will be discussed later on.


Recently, the article about the open source project YAMP has been published (available on the CodeProject). The project is currently in a pre-release state, such that some features are still missing or incomplete, however, since we are responsible for both, Sumerics and YAMP, a feature that is required for Sumerics and should be included in the core of YAMP, can be implemented right away.

YAMP was created with two basic ideas in mind:

  1. Provide an extensible and powerful math parser that is open source and completely written in C#
  2. Use the math parser to produce an numerics application that can be easily controlled with both the command line and a touch friendly GUI

The second idea evolved into creating a product for the latest Intel Ultrabook generation, that can be used with touch input, the mouse and / or the keyboard. At first, we will not include the possibility for a pure command line interaction, however, this may come in the future.

The final product will not only display sensor data and include the information of various sensors by functions, it will also benefit from the sensors in different views. Obviously, the orientation aspect is used for determining the best size and position of the window. Accelerometer and orientation as well as the ambient-light-sensor will be used for displaying plots in a fresh, impressive way.

Writing the Application

Let's have a look at the big picture first (green are third party libraries, orange our own external libraries and blue the new libraries / application):

Structure of Sumerics

So we create a WPF application called Sumerics, write two libraries which make use of YAMP, with one of them also using the different sensors on the Ultrabook. The application then makes use of YAMP and connects the plugins to YAMP, which will enable users to make more out of YAMP.

Therefore, the architecture of Sumerics heavily relies on YAMP. However, some functions of YAMP should be easier to write for end-users than the pure (core) YAMP provides. Let's see an example of such a call. If the user wants to clear certain variables, he or she will have to enter the following command:

clear("a", "b", "c")

This clears 3 variables a, b and c. Sumerics now makes it possible to use the following command:

clear a b c

This is working because Sumerics has a command parser as well. If the command parser finds a valid command, Sumerics will execute it. Otherwise, the whole expression will be passed to YAMP, which will then parse and interpret the expression. The built-in commands can be anything from changing the GUI (like clearing the command history) to wrapping YAMP functions.

Writing such a command parser is quite easy and can be done in no time. All we need is an abstract base class. In this case, we create one that is named YCommand. We will make several implementations of YCommand, depending on our needs. Finally, we will write a method that uses reflection to register the methods that our pre-parser (or let's call it command parser) can use.

The register method looks as simple as the following code snippet:

public static void RegisterCommands()
    var lib = Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly();
    var types = lib.GetTypes();

    foreach (var type in types)
        if (type.IsAbstract)

        if (type.IsSubclassOf(typeof(YCommand)))
            var cmd = type.GetConstructor(Type.EmptyTypes).Invoke(null) as YCommand;
            commands.Add(cmd.Name.ToLower(), cmd);

A small subset of the classes that make some functions available from the commands parser is displayed below.

Class diagram for the commands

The command parser works with an arbitrary number of arguments. The basic code is quite similar to the one provided in the article about YAMP, where the ArgumentFunction class provides similar methods.

For writing the specific sensor functions in our YAMP plugin, we first start with an abstract base class. This class will simplify our coding, since it reduces writing the same code over and over again. Also we just have to extend its functionality to supply all derived classes with more possibilities. Let's have a look at the implementation of the acc() function.

using YAMP;
using Microsoft.WindowsAPICodePack.Sensors;

namespace YAMP.Sensors
    public class AccFunction : SensorFunction
        private static Accelerometer3D _accelerometer;

        static AccFunction()
            if (!Manager.Initialized || _accelerometer != null)

                SensorList<Accelerometer3D> sl = 
                if (sl.Count > 0)
                    _accelerometer = sl[0];
            catch (SensorPlatformException e)
            Exists = _accelerometer != null;

        public static AccelerometerReading Measurement
                if (!Manager.Initialized || !Exists)
                    return null;

                AccelerometerReading reading = new AccelerometerReading(
                return reading;

        public MatrixValue Function()
            if (!Manager.Initialized || !Exists)
                return new MatrixValue(3, 1);

            var reading = Measurement;
            var result = new MatrixValue(3, 1);
            result[1].Value = reading.AccelerationX;
            result[2].Value = reading.AccelerationY;
            result[3].Value = reading.AccelerationZ;

            return result;

    public class AccelerometerReading
        public double AccelerationX { get; private set; }
        public double AccelerationY { get; private set; }
        public double AccelerationZ { get; private set; }

        public AccelerometerReading(double AccelerationX, 
                                    double AccelerationY, double AccelerationZ)
            this.AccelerationX = AccelerationX;
            this.AccelerationY = AccelerationY;
            this.AccelerationZ = AccelerationZ;

Here we provide a lot of static functions, so that access directly from Sumerics is also possible (i.e., for live data of the sensors), without creating an explicit instance or having YAMP to interpret a fixed expression. We pack the reading of the sensor in a small nested class, AccelerometerReading, which is then returned by getting the current measurement.

While in case of a non-existing sensor a null value is returned, YAMP will always return data. In such cases, YAMP will return scalars / matrices with the correct dimensions, but without any values (so every value will be 0).

Points of Interest

Handling the whole sensor stuff was pretty neat. At first, everything looked amazingly simple, however, that was before I realized that the sensor API is (managed) only available in Windows Store apps. Therefore, we have to use a wrapper around the unmanaged code, if we really want to use them (use we want to!) in C#.

Writing the graphical function editor is quite a challenge, since it needs to be flexible and lightweight, but also powerful and robust. Here, we have to add possibilities for using the keyboard:

  • Shortcuts
  • Arrow keys
  • Text modifications
  • Handle the zoom

We also have to wire up events for the mouse. For this input device, we will have to handle the following list of actions:

  • Drag and drop new items
  • Connect lines
  • Alter items and lines
  • Handle the zoom and scroll with the mouse wheel

Our application is fully touch enabled. The graphical editor was one of the center pieces of Sumerics, which resulted in a lot of different gestures being required to be implemented here.

  • Connect two points (create a line) with one or two fingers
  • Disconnect two points (remove a line) with one or three fingers
  • Drag new items with one finger
  • Zoom in and out with two fingers
  • Swipe with one finger to scroll

All those touch events must be wired up exactly and should not be counter-productive, but rather be optional additive, i.e., the user-experience does not rely on multiple input devices, but gets better with multiple (different) ones (instead of getting worse).

Educational Purposes

Example main view of Sumerics

We plan to include a lot of sample worksheets (written in YAMP script), to include out of the box working experiments with the sensors. It is easy to imagine that Sumerics will be able to do some "live experiments" without actually requiring to set up any components - just out of the box and with an Ultrabook. Therefore, we are targeting educational institutions like higher level Physics courses for schools or experiments for undergraduates.

Let's have a look at some items on the list of planned experiments:

  • Measuring the (current, i.e., position depending) earth's magnetic field
  • Measuring the (current, i.e., position depending) g-factor
  • Orientation vs integrated accelerometer
  • Inclinometer for detecting perpendicular angles
  • Compass vs GPS
  • Ambient Light Sensor for measuring photons in certain environments

User interfaces like MATLAB, Mathematica and other scientific programs have issues with touch screens and do not take any sensor data into account. With YAMP, we try to make a more modern UI, that extends the possibilities of a standard PC by giving users a unique experience with touch and a more extended experience with more interactions.

Target Audience

Our target audience is currently busy as a researcher or student in higher education or at the University. The main purpose of Sumerics is to do numerical experiments with either numerical mathematics or using the provided sensor data to create experiments that work out of the box.

Our target audience is highly tech-aware and will probably use an Ultrabook as an everyday gadget, to visualize things, create things and be creative. It is therefore possible, that Sumerics can easily support more sensors by just buying some hardware and plugging that in. Probably we are going to write a really generic sensor function, that can be accessed quite close to the driver.

More Sensors!

Additionally to the sensors that are unique about the Ultrabook, we are going to include some other sensors, which might give interesting data and can be used for some wicked experiments.

First of all, let's have a look at the "obvious" sensors that are going to be included:

  • Mouse (X,Y coordinates on the screen)
  • Touch (giving back data that can be used 3D plots, with peaks at the current touch points)

The mouse can be used for experiments that are pulling something mechanically. A simple function (with the help of user input) can roughly find out what the px / cm ratio is. With this knowledge, you can estimate the velocity (if you know px / s and px / cm you can find out what cm / s is, which gives you m / s and km / h etc.) of the mouse.

The touch input could be used to demonstrate how the touch signal works. It also allows the user to find out more about the properties of his or her touch screen.

Finally, we will also include the sound port as a sensor. The reasons for this are:

  • It can be used very nicely to show the power of fast fourier transformation (FFT)
  • It allows the user to do spectroscopy on sound input
  • It is easily possible to create your own sensor, which modules its (analog) signal to the (digital) sound input, which is then received and used by Sumerics

Talking to some guys from the local electronics lab, this sounds (!) like a great idea. Basically, you can do a lot of useful things with the sound input. Connecting it (via functions) to the other sensors can create a powerful basis for (virtual as well as real) experiments. One possible thing is: measuring (via peak power spectrum of the sound input and the accelerometer) the relation between screaming and the current G-force on a roller-coaster ride.

There are a lot more possibilities with this concept. We will include some samples in an included (with the release of Sumerics) collection of worksheets.

Testing on an Ultrabook

The application requires an Ultrabook from Intel to be tested. To say the least, I am really hyped and can't wait to get an Ultrabook in order to give this (in my opinion amazing) application the chance of becoming really robust.

The testing will focus on the user experience in general and on getting the right sensor data. It will also focus on different test cases, i.e., what if a sensor does not return valid data or if a sensor is not available.

How Was the Real Thing?

The competition seemed to have enough time, but an awful lot of work to deal with in November (and some interesting conferences) crossed my plans quite hard. Nevertheless, by coding 3 days in a row for about 16 hrs per day, I was able to submit the app in time.

Therefore, I was quite relieved once I've seen the following part of my screen:

Sumerics Submission

That being said, let's dive in to get to know Sumerics -- the current state and the future plans.

Look of the App

The screenshots that have been submitted to the Intel AppUp store show my design goals. The main view (called interaction) is where the console sits and most user interaction is happening.

Sumerics Interaction Mainview

Of course, this view (would) heavily favor keyboard interaction, which is why there are two key things in there. The first is an integrated on-screen keyboard, that slides-up when the user presses the keyboard button. This keyboard has just this one mode, which is enough to enter any statement. Those statements can include matrices, imaginary numbers (therefore the i has been placed on the keyboard next to the numbers), and all possible operators.

Sumerics Interaction Touchmode

The second thing is the Draw Expression button, which opens Microsoft's Math Input panel. Once the user has finished drawing the expression, Sumerics is able to get the expression and enter it in the console. Sumerics can even handle the input of matrices and fractions without any problem.

The second screenshot also shows the filtering of the functions. At the moment, those functions are just documentation, but in the future, they might be also good for drag and drop or other useful operations. This way, the user has to type less (with an on-screen or real keyboard).

A really important section is the plot section. Here, the latest (selected or created, whatever was the last action) plot is shown. All modifications can be done in the console mode, however, in order to stay touch friendly, the most common settings have been made available for GUI and touch users. All those settings can be accessed by pressing the buttons on the bottom (command) bar.

Sumerics polar plot

The user can export the plot by saving it as a PNG in a file. He can also print out the shown plot or modify the included series' properties or generally applied settings. For convenience, the gridlines switch has been created as a button. With the center button, a plot can be reset to its default state. This is important since the plot can be zoomed and panned by touch manipulation. The last button opens a mini-console, which is just a small input window. This input window can be used to set other settings manually or create whole plots. The purpose of this dialog was to minimize the way for the user between console input and plot output.

The graphical scripting is something that had to be left out, however, just for the moment. A big part is already implemented, but some things are still missing and a lot of testing still needs to be done. The scripting would look like the following screenshot:

Sumerics scripting

In this view, the user basically (over touch or mouse) drags and drops a category of elements. Afterwards, he is able to adjust the element (in this screenshot, we have individual statement boxes placed - those have just a textbox. In general, a combobox or some more advanced dialogs are visible).

The top nodes are input and output elements. In the screenshot, no input elements have been added (they would be violet and on the left side) resulting in a function without any arguments. The chain consists of two statement blocks, the first without any input that gives its output to the second box. This second statement box directs its output to the output of the scripted function. In this case, we would just get 13 * 29.

We also created a small about dialog, which contains the user's GPS position (as an easter egg). Usually, the compass and the GPS data has been located on the sensor plots section as well - but since the GPS data changes very slowly, placing it in the about dialog made much more sense.

Sumerics about

The about dialog shows the GPS and the compass data. In the latest version, the data is also bound to the current state (which is updated regularly) of the GPS and the compass sensors.

Design of the App

The icons for functions, matrices, etc. have been created on my own. All the other icons have been taken from the amazing Modern UI icons collection created by Austin Andrews. There are several hundred icons, which should be sufficient for most use-cases. The app theme was provided by the MAHApps Metro interface.

Most controls have been taken from this library as well. However, neither MAHApps Metro nor the .NET-Framework includes a nice touch-friendly color picker that is suitable for WPF. Therefore, I just wrote my own. I also searched for a nice console control, but I could not find anything that would be suitable. Therefore I ended up taking the Fast Colored TextBox for Syntax Highlighting by Pavel Torgashov and modifying it. Actually, I removed a large part of the code and specialized it for my purposes. The main rendering of the control is still done in GDI+ since I figured out that porting it is probably possible, but might require too much time. I also completely re-wrote the autocomplete part - this time in WPF. The new code is about only a 20th or so and renders completely in WPF.

Behind the Scenes

The code consists of several async statements using the power of C# 5. In order to fully utilize the mighty WPF binding engine, only the MVVM principle was used in the whole app, except the custom console. This control is actually a Windows Forms one, i.e., a class derived from a Windows Forms Control class with custom (GDI+) drawing. In the end using an existing (in this case Windows Forms) solution and modifying it turned out to be much faster than starting from scratch here!

The following (main) view models have been created:

  • Main
  • Plot settings
  • Plot series
  • Plot series element
  • Documentation
  • Help topic
  • Help tile
  • Options
  • Variable
  • Query result

Several other (tiny) view models have also been implemented. Those should just support controls, dialogs or bigger view models. In the end, it turned out to be the right solution, since we could achieve the following extension by just one copy and paste: Duplicating the variables bar in two different tabs.

This does sound trivial, but it is actually a good test if a application has been well-designed from a programmer's perspective. Now everything seems to be in sync - as it should be.

All in all, Sumerics performs quite well and displays even large plots quite fast. This is because the guys from the open source project Oxyplot did an amazing job. The only thing that is not excellent is their implementation of panning and zooming. I thought they did not include something - but they did. The only negative thing about it is that it performs really bad. Zooming and panning takes a few seconds up to half a minute (depending on the data size). This is much longer than repainting the whole thing with changed axis. I searched for a possibility to prevent the in-built panning and zooming (and implement my own), but I could not find such a possibility. Therefore, I ended up just hoping for an update from them, which solves this problem.

In the following, I will write a few lines about some interesting parts in the code. They are not revolutionary or required in any way, but they made programming the app a lot easier. The following code snippet has been used on various occasions:

public static T GetWindow<T>() where T : Window, new()
    foreach (Window window in App.Current.Windows)
        if (window is T)
            return (T)window;

    var win = new T();
    return win;

So basically, one can use this method to get an arbitrary Window. If the dialog is already open, it will be brought to the foreground. Otherwise, a new instance will be created and shown.

Quite often, you want to trigger something in XAML based on a property. Sometimes, you are doing this with binding in mind - but what if the value you are binding to can be null? And furthermore, what if you want to actually consider your trigger to start if the value is (or conversely is not) null? The following converter is the key:

public class IsNullConverter : IValueConverter
    public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
        return value == null;

    public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, 
                              object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
        throw new InvalidOperationException("IsNullConverter can only be used OneWay.");

Using the converter in XAML is more or less straight forward. One just needs the following lines (assuming you are using local as the XML namespace for your "real" (i.e., C#) namespace:

<!-- In the resources (e.g. use in app.xaml or elsewhere) -->
    <local:IsNullConverter x:Key="inc"/>

<!-- Now use a DataTrigger like this -->
<DataTrigger Binding="{Binding WhatAreYouBindingTo?, 
 Converter={StaticResource inc}}" Value="True">
<!-- Place what should happen here ... -->

To test some keys on various occasions, I required a lot of duplicate code. I was not happy with the situation and decided to write some extension methods. The outcome looks like the following:

public static bool IsCtrl(this KeyEventArgs keyEvent, Key value)
    return keyEvent.KeyboardDevice.Modifiers == ModifierKeys.Control && keyEvent.Key == value;

public static bool IsModified(this KeyEventArgs keyEvent, Key value)
    return keyEvent.KeyboardDevice.Modifiers != ModifierKeys.None && keyEvent.Key == value;

public static bool IsCtrlShift(this KeyEventArgs keyEvent, Key value)
    return keyEvent.KeyboardDevice.Modifiers == ModifierKeys.Control && 
      keyEvent.KeyboardDevice.Modifiers == ModifierKeys.Shift && keyEvent.Key == value;

public static bool Is(this KeyEventArgs keyEvent, Key value)
    return keyEvent.KeyboardDevice.Modifiers == ModifierKeys.None && keyEvent.Key == value;

This allows me to directly test some KeyEventArgs object with a specific key considering a specific modifier.

Also, another code snippet worth sharing is the part where the MathML from the Windows Math Input Panel gets discovered and pasted right away. This has been achieved with the help of a clipboard handler. Unfortunately, this is not built into the .NET-Framework (I actually do not know why - I think this is a really useful method!).

//Yes we will need those pointers ...
IntPtr viewerHandle = IntPtr.Zero;
IntPtr installedHandle = IntPtr.Zero;

//Two constants from the Win32 API
const int WM_DRAWCLIPBOARD = 0x308;
const int WM_CHANGECBCHAIN = 0x30D;

//Get the required API calls

private extern static IntPtr SetClipboardViewer(IntPtr hWnd);

private extern static int ChangeClipboardChain(IntPtr hWnd, IntPtr hWndNext);

[DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
private extern static int SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int wMsg, IntPtr wParam, IntPtr lParam);

protected override void OnSourceInitialized(EventArgs e)
    var hwndSource = PresentationSource.FromVisual(this) as HwndSource;

    if (hwndSource != null)
        installedHandle = hwndSource.Handle;
        viewerHandle = SetClipboardViewer(installedHandle);
        hwndSource.AddHook(new HwndSourceHook(this.hwndSourceHook));

protected override void OnClosing(System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs e)
    ChangeClipboardChain(this.installedHandle, this.viewerHandle);
    int error = System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.GetLastWin32Error();
    e.Cancel = error != 0;

protected override void OnClosed(EventArgs e)
    this.viewerHandle = IntPtr.Zero;
    this.installedHandle = IntPtr.Zero;

IntPtr hwndSourceHook(IntPtr hwnd, int msg, IntPtr wParam, IntPtr lParam, ref bool handled)
    switch (msg)
        case WM_CHANGECBCHAIN:
            this.viewerHandle = lParam;

            if (this.viewerHandle != IntPtr.Zero)
                SendMessage(this.viewerHandle, msg, wParam, lParam);


        case WM_DRAWCLIPBOARD:

            if (this.viewerHandle != IntPtr.Zero)
                SendMessage(this.viewerHandle, msg, wParam, lParam);


    return IntPtr.Zero;

void ReadClipboardData()
    //MathML could be something else ...
    var stream = Clipboard.GetData("MathML") as Stream;

    if (stream != null)
        //Do something with the stream!

We are mainly looking for those pieces of MathML. Once we detect something, we read the clipboard and see if it is actually of type MathML. If this is the case, then we are either only pasting it directly or running the query as well. This is just a matter of setting Sumerics. The default option is to run the query once it gets pasted.


I rushed to submit the app before the deadline, but I had bigger plans than the initial release. However, even though I could not implement all features before the 1st of December, I could implement some very important ones, which have been left out in the initial release. These features made it to version 0.9.8 (0.9.5 was the version that had been published initially) and have been submitted for validation on the 28th of November. Unfortunately, I doubt that those updates will make it in time. This is actually a shame since this means that my competition submission will miss the following features:

  • Autocomplete in the console mode
  • Syntax highlighting in the console mode
  • An improved version of YAMP (e.g., can handle lambda expression)
  • Improved documentation dialog
  • The Sumerics webpage will be displayed in a special dialog
  • Improved the plotting area
  • More options
  • Extended touch keyboard
  • Fixed some small bugs

Now it's time to talk about the price tag on Sumerics. Actually, it is for free at the moment. But this will probably not last. Once Sumerics reaches version 1.0.0, I will most probably start to sell it for like EUR 4.99 or something similar (definitely not over 5 euros). I have several reasons for a pricing like that. First and most important: The project was never meant to make me rich. Second: If the app is not for free, then customers can already assume that there will be some support - so this makes sense for me. I'll fix some bugs and integrate features if people are willing to pay for this.

And the last argument is actually a really nice one: There are some mathematics applications out there (on the AppUp store), which are bad (I mean: really bad!) and do cost more money. I will certainly proof the point that you can create a better app and make it even cheaper. Also, I want to stay cheaper than the main competitors, which is why I will have to look at those (the possible competition) first.

Sumerics about

The screenshot above is showing the console in the latest version. We can see the autocomplete menu open and the syntax highlighting. We can also see that big matrices are folded by default. This improves the overview and guarantees that only the required (or short) output is displayed directly.

We also see the commands in action. Some functions have been transformed to commands (by Sumerics). This is why instead of cd("..") the user can also enter cd ... The same is true for pwd() and dozens of other functions.

Some Links

Here are some nice links:


  • v1.0.0 | Initial release | 08.10.2012
  • v1.1.0 | Fixed some typos, added section about target users | 09.10.2012
  • v1.1.1 | Fixed some typos | 09.10.2012
  • v1.1.2 | Fixed some typos | 10.10.2012
  • v1.2.0 | Added section on additional sensors | 11.10.2012
  • v2.0.0 | Project summary | 29.11.2012
  • v2.0.1 | Added some links | 29.11.2012


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

Written By
Chief Technology Officer
Germany Germany
Florian lives in Munich, Germany. He started his programming career with Perl. After programming C/C++ for some years he discovered his favorite programming language C#. He did work at Siemens as a programmer until he decided to study Physics.

During his studies he worked as an IT consultant for various companies. After graduating with a PhD in theoretical particle Physics he is working as a senior technical consultant in the field of home automation and IoT.

Florian has been giving lectures in C#, HTML5 with CSS3 and JavaScript, software design, and other topics. He is regularly giving talks at user groups, conferences, and companies. He is actively contributing to open-source projects. Florian is the maintainer of AngleSharp, a completely managed browser engine.

Comments and Discussions

GeneralMy Vote 5 Pin
Shemeemsha (ഷെമീംഷ)7-Oct-14 19:02
Shemeemsha (ഷെമീംഷ)7-Oct-14 19:02 
GeneralRe: My Vote 5 Pin
Florian Rappl7-Oct-14 20:03
professionalFlorian Rappl7-Oct-14 20:03 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
alonbarak14-Jun-13 14:13
alonbarak14-Jun-13 14:13 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Florian Rappl14-Jun-13 21:37
professionalFlorian Rappl14-Jun-13 21:37 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Ayush0016-Jan-13 9:46
professionalAyush0016-Jan-13 9:46 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Florian Rappl1-Feb-13 7:02
professionalFlorian Rappl1-Feb-13 7:02 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Niki Kilbertus25-Dec-12 0:26
Niki Kilbertus25-Dec-12 0:26 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Florian Rappl25-Dec-12 5:18
professionalFlorian Rappl25-Dec-12 5:18 
GeneralCongrats on winning big time! Pin
DrABELL14-Dec-12 8:01
DrABELL14-Dec-12 8:01 
GeneralRe: Congrats on winning big time! Pin
Florian Rappl14-Dec-12 10:25
professionalFlorian Rappl14-Dec-12 10:25 
GeneralRe: Congrats on winning big time! Pin
DrABELL14-Dec-12 11:33
DrABELL14-Dec-12 11:33 
QuestionCongratulations! Pin
Ratish Philip13-Dec-12 23:03
Ratish Philip13-Dec-12 23:03 
AnswerRe: Congratulations! Pin
Florian Rappl14-Dec-12 0:23
professionalFlorian Rappl14-Dec-12 0:23 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Abhishek Nandy10-Dec-12 21:35
professionalAbhishek Nandy10-Dec-12 21:35 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Florian Rappl10-Dec-12 21:49
professionalFlorian Rappl10-Dec-12 21:49 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Abhishek Nandy11-Dec-12 19:05
professionalAbhishek Nandy11-Dec-12 19:05 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Florian Rappl24-Feb-13 14:47
professionalFlorian Rappl24-Feb-13 14:47 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
WinApp824-Oct-12 21:49
WinApp824-Oct-12 21:49 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Florian Rappl24-Oct-12 22:58
professionalFlorian Rappl24-Oct-12 22:58 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Chris Maunder9-Oct-12 14:53
cofounderChris Maunder9-Oct-12 14:53 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Florian Rappl9-Oct-12 20:30
professionalFlorian Rappl9-Oct-12 20:30 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
DrABELL9-Oct-12 9:47
DrABELL9-Oct-12 9:47 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Florian Rappl9-Oct-12 10:29
professionalFlorian Rappl9-Oct-12 10:29 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
DrABELL9-Oct-12 11:36
DrABELL9-Oct-12 11:36 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
DrABELL9-Oct-12 11:42
DrABELL9-Oct-12 11:42 

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