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Calculate and Draw Moon Phase

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12 Aug 2010CPOL1 min read 208.8K   4.2K   40   49
Calculate Moon's age and draw Moon Phase on any given day

Introduction

Many communities pay close attention to the lunar calendar next to the solar calendar, so I looked at many sites on the internet to know how to calculate the age of the moon on any given day. I found many sites offering different ways, I took what I found to give results closer to the truth.

I've noticed that most sites agree on the expense of the Julian date but do not agree to calculate the age of the moon, and found the difference between these sites up to one day, and when the moon's age is 30 days, the result is zero in some sites.

In this program, I calculated the approximate age of the moon in days and did not give attention to the parts of the day of the hours and minutes.

In order for the program would be more useful, I add PictureBox control to display the lighted part of the moon and darkness part of the moon commensurate with the age of the moon.

img039.JPG

Background

I created two projects, I wrote code of one in C# (2003) and wrote another in VB.NET (2003).

The MoonPhase project has one form (frmMoon) with the following controls:

  • MonthCalendar control (MyCalendar)
  • Button control (btnToDay)
  • Button control (btnClose)
  • PictureBox control (PicMoon)
  • Label control (lblAge)

About the Code

Convert date to Julian date:

C#
private int JulianDate(int d, int m, int y)
{ 
    int mm, yy;
    int k1, k2, k3;
    int j;

    yy = y - (int)((12 - m) / 10);
    mm = m + 9;
    if (mm >= 12)
    {
        mm = mm - 12;
    }
    k1 = (int)(365.25 * (yy + 4712));
    k2 = (int)(30.6001 * mm + 0.5);
    k3 = (int)((int)((yy / 100) + 49) * 0.75) - 38;
    // 'j' for dates in Julian calendar:
    j = k1 + k2 + d + 59;
    if (j > 2299160)
    {
        // For Gregorian calendar:
        j = j - k3; // 'j' is the Julian date at 12h UT (Universal Time)
    }
    return j;
}

Calculate the approximate moon's age in days:

C#
private double MoonAge(int d, int m, int y)
{ 
    int j = JulianDate(d, m, y);
    //Calculate the approximate phase of the moon
    ip = (j + 4.867) / 29.53059;
    ip = ip - Math.Floor(ip); 
    //After several trials I've seen to add the following lines, 
    //which gave the result was not bad 
    if(ip < 0.5)
        ag = ip * 29.53059 + 29.53059 / 2;
    else
        ag = ip * 29.53059 - 29.53059 / 2;
    // Moon's age in days
    ag = Math.Floor(ag) + 1;
    return ag;
}

Draw moon:

C#
private void DrawMoon()
{
    int Xpos, Ypos, Rpos;
    int Xpos1, Xpos2;
    double Phase;

    Phase = ip;
    // Width of 'ImageToDraw' Object = Width of 'PicMoon' control    
    int PageWidth = PicMoon.Width; 
    // Height of 'ImageToDraw' Object = Height of 'PicMoon' control    
    int PageHeight = PicMoon.Height; 
    // Initiate 'ImageToDraw' Object with size = size of control 'PicMoon' control    
    Bitmap ImageToDraw = new Bitmap(PageWidth, PageHeight); 
    // Create graphics object for alteration.    
    Graphics newGraphics = Graphics.FromImage(ImageToDraw);

    Pen PenB = new Pen(Color.Black); // For darkness part of the moon
    Pen PenW = new Pen(Color.White); // For the lighted part of the moon

    for (Ypos=0; Ypos<= 45; Ypos++)
    {
        Xpos = (int)(Math.Sqrt(45*45 - Ypos*Ypos));
        // Draw darkness part of the moon        
        Point pB1 = new Point(90-Xpos, Ypos+90);
        Point pB2 = new Point(Xpos+90, Ypos+90);
        Point pB3 = new Point(90-Xpos, 90-Ypos);
        Point pB4 = new Point(Xpos+90, 90-Ypos);
        newGraphics.DrawLine(PenB, pB1, pB2); 
        newGraphics.DrawLine(PenB, pB3, pB4);        
       // Determine the edges of the lighted part of the moon       
       Rpos = 2 * Xpos;
       if (Phase < 0.5)
       {
           Xpos1 = - Xpos;
           Xpos2 = (int)(Rpos - 2*Phase*Rpos - Xpos);
       }
       else
       {
          Xpos1 = Xpos;
          Xpos2 = (int)(Xpos - 2*Phase*Rpos + Rpos);
       }       
       // Draw the lighted part of the moon       
       Point pW1 = new Point(Xpos1+90, 90-Ypos);
       Point pW2 = new Point(Xpos2+90, 90-Ypos);
       Point pW3 = new Point(Xpos1+90, Ypos+90);
       Point pW4 = new Point(Xpos2+90, Ypos+90);
       newGraphics.DrawLine(PenW, pW1, pW2);
       newGraphics.DrawLine(PenW, pW3, pW4);
    }    
    // Display the bitmap in the picture box.    
    PicMoon.Image = ImageToDraw;    
    // Release graphics object    
    PenB.Dispose();
    PenW.Dispose();
    newGraphics.Dispose();
    ImageToDraw = null;
} 

You can go back to the source file to read the VB.NET code after you extract Moon_VB.zip file.

Final Words

If you have any idea or find another code to calculate the age of the moon, please tell me. Thanks to Code Project and thanks to all.

Mostafa Kaisoun
m_kaisoun@hotmail.com

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
myker10-Aug-10 5:53
myker10-Aug-10 5:53 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun11-Aug-10 4:55
Mostafa Kaisoun11-Aug-10 4:55 
GeneralDownload MoonPhase C# code Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun9-Aug-10 7:43
Mostafa Kaisoun9-Aug-10 7:43 
Generalnot Bad, Keep going Mostafa... Pin
a_pess9-Aug-10 5:11
a_pess9-Aug-10 5:11 
GeneralRe: not Bad, Keep going Mostafa... Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun9-Aug-10 5:48
Mostafa Kaisoun9-Aug-10 5:48 
Generalcode not available Pin
Christ Kennedy8-Aug-10 12:33
mvaChrist Kennedy8-Aug-10 12:33 
GeneralRe: code not available Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun8-Aug-10 16:33
Mostafa Kaisoun8-Aug-10 16:33 
GeneralRe: code not available Pin
Christ Kennedy8-Aug-10 17:24
mvaChrist Kennedy8-Aug-10 17:24 
GeneralRe: code not available Pin
vladkoj9-Aug-10 3:13
vladkoj9-Aug-10 3:13 
GeneralRe: code not available Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun9-Aug-10 4:03
Mostafa Kaisoun9-Aug-10 4:03 
GeneralRe: code not available Pin
Christ Kennedy9-Aug-10 4:49
mvaChrist Kennedy9-Aug-10 4:49 
GeneralRe: code not available Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun9-Aug-10 5:43
Mostafa Kaisoun9-Aug-10 5:43 
GeneralRe: code not available Pin
Christ Kennedy9-Aug-10 6:19
mvaChrist Kennedy9-Aug-10 6:19 
AnswerRe: code not available Pin
Pete Goodsall11-Aug-10 6:42
Pete Goodsall11-Aug-10 6:42 
GeneralRe: code not available Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun12-Aug-10 4:10
Mostafa Kaisoun12-Aug-10 4:10 
Generalcode formatting Pin
Christ Kennedy8-Aug-10 12:32
mvaChrist Kennedy8-Aug-10 12:32 
GeneralRe: code formatting Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun8-Aug-10 16:35
Mostafa Kaisoun8-Aug-10 16:35 
GeneralMy vote of 2 Pin
Toli Cuturicu8-Aug-10 4:29
Toli Cuturicu8-Aug-10 4:29 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun8-Aug-10 16:41
Mostafa Kaisoun8-Aug-10 16:41 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 Pin
Euhemerus20-Aug-10 23:27
Euhemerus20-Aug-10 23:27 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun21-Aug-10 14:02
Mostafa Kaisoun21-Aug-10 14:02 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 Pin
Euhemerus21-Aug-10 22:02
Euhemerus21-Aug-10 22:02 
GeneralRe: My vote of 2 Pin
Mostafa Kaisoun22-Aug-10 14:09
Mostafa Kaisoun22-Aug-10 14:09 

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