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Printing the .NET TreeView Control

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14 Oct 2013Apache2 min read 214.9K   2.6K   56   54
A class to handle printing a .NET TreeView control.

Introduction

I looked and looked for a sample code to print TreeView controls in C#. I couldn't find anything that did exactly what I needed, so I broke down and wrote it myself!

Background 

During my search for a printing sample, I came across this article by Koay Kah Hoe, which presents a solution in C++. It gave me a few ideas and after finding some information on Usenet about getting an image of a control, I was ready to code.

Using the code

In order to print the entire TreeView, the size of the area of all visible nodes has to be calculated and then the tree must be resized to accommodate the contents. This is all handled in the PrepareTreeImage method of the PrintUtility class.

C#
private void PrepareTreeImage(TreeView tree){
    _scrollBarWidth = tree.Width - tree.ClientSize.Width;
    _scrollBarHeight = tree.Height - tree.ClientSize.Height;
    tree.Nodes[0].EnsureVisible();
    int height = tree.Nodes[0].Bounds.Height;
    this._nodeHeight = height;
    int width = tree.Nodes[0].Bounds.Right;
    TreeNode node = tree.Nodes[0].NextVisibleNode;
    while(node != null){
        height += node.Bounds.Height;
        if(node.Bounds.Right > width){
            width = node.Bounds.Right;
        }
        node = node.NextVisibleNode;
    }
    //keep track of the original tree settings
    int tempHeight = tree.Height;
    int tempWidth = tree.Width;
    BorderStyle tempBorder = tree.BorderStyle;
    bool tempScrollable = tree.Scrollable;
    TreeNode selectedNode = tree.SelectedNode;
    //setup the tree to take the snapshot
    tree.SelectedNode = null;
    DockStyle tempDock = tree.Dock;
    tree.Height = height + _scrollBarHeight;
    tree.Width = width + _scrollBarWidth;
    tree.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.None;
    tree.Dock = DockStyle.None;
    //get the image of the tree
    this._controlImage = GetImage(tree.Handle, tree.Width, tree.Height);
    //reset the tree to its original settings
    tree.BorderStyle = tempBorder;
    tree.Width = tempWidth;
    tree.Height = tempHeight;
    tree.Dock = tempDock;
    tree.Scrollable = tempScrollable;
    tree.SelectedNode = selectedNode;
    //give the window time to update
    Application.DoEvents();
}

When it is time to print the resulting image, there is some calculation to do to divide the image up into sections of the proper size to fit on the printed page. This is handled in the printDoc_PrintPage method which handles the PrintPage event of the PrintDocument. This is pretty straightforward. We have to keep track of the direction we are moving in, horizontally or vertically, across the source image. We also must keep track of where we left off in the image when the previous page was printed.

C#
private void printDoc_PrintPage(object sender, 
        System.Drawing.Printing.PrintPageEventArgs e) {
    this._pageNumber++;
    Graphics g = e.Graphics;
    Rectangle sourceRect = new Rectangle(_lastPrintPosition, e.MarginBounds.Size);
    Rectangle destRect = e.MarginBounds;

    if((sourceRect.Height % this._nodeHeight) > 0){
        sourceRect.Height -= (sourceRect.Height % this._nodeHeight);
    }
    g.DrawImage(this._controlImage, destRect, sourceRect, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
    //check to see if we need more pages
    if((this._controlImage.Height - this._scrollBarHeight) > sourceRect.Bottom
     || (this._controlImage.Width - this._scrollBarWidth) > sourceRect.Right){
        //need more pages
        e.HasMorePages = true;
    }
    if(this._currentDir == PrintDirection.Horizontal){
        if(sourceRect.Right < (this._controlImage.Width - this._scrollBarWidth)){
            //still need to print horizontally
            _lastPrintPosition.X += (sourceRect.Width + 1);
        }
        else{
            _lastPrintPosition.X = 0;
            _lastPrintPosition.Y += (sourceRect.Height + 1);
            this._currentDir = PrintDirection.Vertical;
        }
    }
    else if(this._currentDir == PrintDirection.Vertical && sourceRect.Right 
    < (this._controlImage.Width - this._scrollBarWidth)){
        this._currentDir = PrintDirection.Horizontal;
        _lastPrintPosition.X += (sourceRect.Width + 1);
    }
    else{
        _lastPrintPosition.Y += (sourceRect.Height + 1);
    }

    //print footer
    Brush brush = new SolidBrush(Color.Black);
    string footer = this._pageNumber.ToString(
           System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo);
    Font f = new Font(FontFamily.GenericSansSerif, 10f);
    SizeF footerSize = g.MeasureString(footer, f);
    PointF pageBottomCenter = new PointF(e.PageBounds.Width/2, 
       e.MarginBounds.Bottom + 
       ((e.PageBounds.Bottom - e.MarginBounds.Bottom)/2));
    PointF footerLocation = new PointF(pageBottomCenter.X - (footerSize.Width/2), 
            pageBottomCenter.Y - (footerSize.Height/2));
    g.DrawString(footer, f, brush, footerLocation);
        
    //print header
    if(this._pageNumber == 1 && this._title.Length > 0){
        Font headerFont = new Font(FontFamily.GenericSansSerif, 24f, 
        FontStyle.Bold, GraphicsUnit.Point);
        SizeF headerSize = g.MeasureString(this._title, headerFont);
        PointF headerLocation = new PointF(e.MarginBounds.Left, 
        ((e.MarginBounds.Top - e.PageBounds.Top)/2) - (headerSize.Height/2));
        g.DrawString(this._title, headerFont, brush, headerLocation);
    }
}

The PrintUtility class should be fairly easy to use from just about any Windows Forms application. Just call either PrintTree or PrintPreviewTree, passing in your TreeView.

When I first decided to tackle the problem of printing the TreeView, I thought it was going to take quite a bit of time and code. I was really surprised once I figured out the algorithm, how simple it really is.

I will also be posting this article and code on my blog.

Update

The code is now available on GitHub. If you have changes you'd like to see incorporated, fork the code and send a pull request! 

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Apache License, Version 2.0


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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralRe: infinite loop problem? Pin
Wimpie Ratte14-Feb-07 23:36
Wimpie Ratte14-Feb-07 23:36 
GeneralThanks! Pin
dino martino29-Jan-07 8:38
dino martino29-Jan-07 8:38 
GeneralTo late for me Pin
Alexandru Lungu25-Jan-07 11:59
professionalAlexandru Lungu25-Jan-07 11:59 
GeneralUpdate Pin
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:24
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:24 
GeneralSmall problem Pin
RO2521-Jan-07 8:43
RO2521-Jan-07 8:43 
GeneralRe: Small problem Pin
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:27
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:27 
GeneralGot an error on PInvoke Pin
samiam10299-Jan-07 10:38
samiam10299-Jan-07 10:38 
GeneralRe: Got an error on PInvoke Pin
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:27
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:27 
Should be fixed in the update I submitted tonight.

Mark Pitman
"After three days without programming, life becomes meaningless." - The Tao of Programming

GeneralExcellent Pin
Belarussian13-Sep-06 20:01
Belarussian13-Sep-06 20:01 
GeneralGreat! Pin
jpichler30-Jun-06 3:54
jpichler30-Jun-06 3:54 
GeneralVS.NET 2005 Issue Pin
JGIS6-Mar-06 3:46
JGIS6-Mar-06 3:46 
GeneralRe: VS.NET 2005 Issue Pin
Nick A Carter13-Mar-06 3:40
Nick A Carter13-Mar-06 3:40 
GeneralRe: VS.NET 2005 Issue Pin
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:29
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:29 
GeneralNot useful for large trees Pin
Orsol10-Nov-05 3:53
Orsol10-Nov-05 3:53 
GeneralUsefull code Pin
Lak2216-Aug-05 1:40
Lak2216-Aug-05 1:40 
GeneralMemory Hungry Pin
djspirit2-Jun-05 0:32
djspirit2-Jun-05 0:32 
GeneralRe: Memory Hungry Pin
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:31
Mark Pitman24-Jan-07 20:31 
Generalcomplete tree Pin
Veera_PV31-May-04 22:14
professionalVeera_PV31-May-04 22:14 
GeneralRe: complete tree Pin
Mark Pitman2-Jun-04 8:20
Mark Pitman2-Jun-04 8:20 
GeneralRe: complete tree Pin
Lak2216-Aug-05 1:41
Lak2216-Aug-05 1:41 
Generalperfect Pin
enders29-Apr-04 15:48
enders29-Apr-04 15:48 
GeneralRe: perfect Pin
Mark Pitman29-Apr-04 16:28
Mark Pitman29-Apr-04 16:28 

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