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PDF File Writer C# Class Library (Version 2.0.0)

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PDF File Writer is a C# .NET class library allowing applications to create PDF files. The code was developed for VS 2022 and .NET6. The latest update is a major upgrade.
The PDF File Writer C# class library gives .NET applications the ability to produce PDF documents. The library shields the application from the details of the PDF file structure. The library supports: forms, text, images, tables, graphics, barcodes, web links, charts, sticky notes, encryption and more. The article together with the attached source code provides detailed documentation.

Image 1


The PDF File Writer II C# class library allows you to create PDF files directly from your .net application. The library shields you from the details of the PDF file structure. This version of the PDF File Writer library was developed using Visual Studio 2022 with Target framework of .NET 6.0, Target OS is Windows and Enable windows form for this project is checked.

New features

  • Interactive forms, also known as AcroForm. You will be able to define text fields, buttons, combo boxes, list boxes, check boxes, and radio buttons.
  • Rewrite all classes related to annotation to include the new interactive forms that are part of the annotation family.
  • Simplify the calling sequence to drawing of text lines. All input parameters are handled by one class PdfDrawTextCtrl.
  • Simplify the calling sequence to drawing of common graphics objects: rectangles, rounded rectangles, inverted rounded rectangles, and oval. The graphics object can have optional border. Background can be solid color, image, tailing, and pattern. All input parameters are handled by one class. PdfDrawCtrl.
  • Simplify the calling sequence of one dimension bar codes. All input parameters are handled by one class. PdfDrawBarcodeCtrl.
  • Support for type-one fonts, the standard 14 fonts that are built into the Adobe Acrobat Reader. This support is mainly for the interactive forms.
  • Support for drawing single character as graphics. See PdfSymbol.
  • Some of the classes and methods were renamed to provide consistent look.

Features of PdfFileWriter 1.28.0 that were not included

  • WPF graphics. It is not supported by .NET 6.0.
  • Charts are not supported by .NET 6.0. If you need this feature, within your application, convert your chart to an image and draw the image.
  • .CHM help file. Sandcastle the software that produces the help file does not support the .NET 6.0.

Note for developers using PDF File Writer version 1.28.0 and before. Upgrading to the new version 2.0.0 requires modifications to your source code. For more details see Upgrade section below.

To integrate the library to your application, you need to add the PdfFileWriter.dll as a dependency to your project. Click on your project dependencies in solution explorer and add a reference to the attached PdfFileWriter.dll class library file. Add a using PdfFileWriter statement in every source file that uses the library and include the PdfFileWriter.dll with your distribution. For more details go to Installation.

The PDF File Writer II C# class library supports the following PDF document's features:

Creating a PDF is a six steps process.

  • Step 1: Create one document object PdfDocument.
  • Step 2: Create common resources such as fonts or images (i.e., PdfFont or PdfImage).
  • Step 3: Create page object PdfPage.
  • Step 4: Create contents object PdfContents.
  • Step 5: Add text and graphics to the contents object (using PdfContents methods).
  • Repeat steps 3, 4 and 5 for additional pages
  • Step 6: Create your PDF document file by calling CreateFile method of PdfDocument.

Step 5 is where most of your programming effort will be spent. Adding contents is achieved by calling the methods of PdfContents class to render graphics and text. The contents class has a rich set (about 100) of methods for adding text and graphics to your document.

PdfDocument implements the IDisposable interface to release unmanaged resources. The CreateFile method calls Document.Dispose() after the PDF file is created. However, to ensure the release of resources you should wrap the PdfDocument creation and the final CreateFile with either a using statement or a try/catch block.

The demo program attached to this article is a collection of test programs. These programs were developed to test and debug the library. The TestPdfFileWriter has buttons at the bottom of the main screen. Pressing on these buttons will produce the examples of the PDF files. The right most button will display all the fonts available on your computer. The first button “Article Example” creates the PDF file displayed at the top of this article. The source code of each of these demo programs is well documented with comments. These modules should be your first source of information as how to interface to the library.

As stated before, the PdfFileWriter C# class library shields you from the complexities of the PDF file structure. However, good understanding of PDF file is always an advantage. Adobe PDF file specification document available from Adobe website: “PDF Reference, Sixth Edition, Adobe Portable Document Format Version 1.7 November 2006”. It is an intimidating 1310 pages document. I would strongly recommend reading Chapter 4 Graphics and sections 5.2 and 5.3 of the Text chapter 5.

If you want to analyze the PDF files created by this project, or if you want to understand PDF file structure in general, you can use the demo program attached to my article "PDF File Analyzer with C# Parsing Classes". This article provides a concise overview of the PDF specifications.

Hello PDF File Writer program

A very simple example of creating a PDF document with one line of text and one image.

// create PDF document
public void CreatePdfDocument()
  // Create empty document
  using(PdfDocument Document = new PdfDocument(PaperType.Letter, false, UnitOfMeasure.Inch, "HelloPdfDocument.pdf"))
    // Add new page
    PdfPage Page = new PdfPage(Document);

    // Add contents to page
    PdfContents Contents = new PdfContents(Page);

    // create font
    PdfFont ArialNormal = PdfFont.CreatePdfFont(Document, "Arial", FontStyle.Regular, true);
    PdfDrawTextCtrl TextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(ArialNormal, 18.0);
    // draw text
    TextCtrl.Justify = TextJustify.Center;
    Contents.DrawText(TextCtrl, 4.5, 7, "Hello PDF Document");

    // load image
    PdfImage Image = new PdfImage(Document);

    // draw image
    PdfDrawCtrl DrawCtrl = new PdfDrawCtrl();
    DrawCtrl.Paint = DrawPaint.Fill;
    DrawCtrl.BackgroundTexture = Image;
    Contents.DrawGraphics(DrawCtrl, new PdfRectangle(3.5, 4.8, 5.5, 6.8));

    // create pdf file

  // start default PDF reader and display the file
  Process Proc = new Process();
  Proc.StartInfo = new ProcessStartInfo("HelloPdfDocument.pdf") { UseShellExecute = true };

PDF File Writer Library Features

Coordinate system and Unit of Measure

The PDF coordinate system origin is at the bottom left corner of the page. The X-axis is pointing to the right. The Y-axis is pointing in upward direction.

The PDF unit of measure is a point. There are 72 points in one inch. The PDF File Writer allows you to select your own unit of measure. All methods arguments representing position, width or height must be in your unit of measure. There are two exceptions: font size and resolution. Font size is always in points. Resolution is always in pixels per inch. The PDF File Writer converts all input arguments to points. All internal measurement values and calculations are done with double precision. At the final step when the PDF file is created, the values are converted to text strings. The conversion precision is six digits. The conversion formula used is:

// Dimension value is double
if(Math.Abs(Value) < 0.0001) Value = 0.0;
String Result = ((Single) Value).ToString();

Decimal Separator

PDF readers such as Adobe Acrobat expect real numbers with a fraction to use period as the decimal separator. Some of the world regions use other decimal separators such as comma. Since Version 1.1 of the PDF File Writer library will use period as decimal separator regardless of regional setting of your computer.

Language support, fonts and character sets

The PDF File Writer library supports most of the fonts installed on your computer. The only exception is device fonts. The supported fonts follow the OpenType font specifications. More information is available at Microsoft Typography - OpenType Specification. The text to be drawn is stored in a string made of Unicode characters. The library will accept any character (0 to 65536) except control codes 0 to 31 and 128 to 159. Every character is translated into a glyph. The glyphs are drawn on the page left to right in the same order as they are stored in the string. Most font files support only a subset of all possible Unicode characters. In other words, you must select a font that supports the language of your project or the symbols you are trying to display. If the input String contains unsupported glyphs, the PDF reader will display the "undefined glyph". Normally it is a small rectangle. The test program attached to this article has a "Font Families" button. If you click it, you can see all available fonts on your computer and within each font all available characters. If the language of your project is a left to right language and each character is translated into one glyph and the glyph is defined in the font, the result should be what you expect. If the result is not what you expect, here are some additional notes:

Unicode control characters. Unicode control characters are used to control the interpretation or display of text, but these characters themselves have no visual or spatial representation. The PDF File writer does not identify these characters. The library assumes that every character is a display character. They will be displayed as undefined character.

Right to left language. Normally the order of characters in a text string is the order a person would read them. Since the library draws left to right the text will be written backwards. The PdfContents.ReverseString method reverses the character order. This will solve the problem if the text is made only of right to left characters. If the text is a mix of right to left, left to right, numbers and some characters such as brackets ()[]<>{} it will not produce the desired results. Another limitation is TextBox class cannot break long right to left text into lines.

Ligature. In some languages a sequence of two or more characters are grouped together to display one glyph. Your software can identify these sequences and replaced them with the proper glyph.

Dotted circle. If you look at the Glyph column of Glyph Metrics screen you can see that some glyphs have a small-dotted circle (i.e., character codes 2364 and 2367). These characters are part of a sequence of characters. The dotted circle is not displayed. If the advance width is zero and the bounding box is on the left side of the Y axis, this glyph will be drawn ok. It will be displayed on top of the previous character. If the advance width is not zero, this glyph should be displayed before the previous character. Your software can achieve it by reversing the two characters.

Draw Graphics

The graphics operators used in PDF content streams describe the appearance of pages that are to be reproduced on a raster output device. PdfContent class defines all the basic graphics methods. The OtherExample.cs and the associated OtherExample.pdf file has many examples of drawing graphics. Please look at the PDF example files attached to this project, find the example closely matching your requirement and go the source code to see how to do it.

Drawing rectangles, rounded rectangles, inverted rounded rectangles, and oval is best done with the PdfContents.DrawGraphics method. This method is using the PdfDrawCtrl class to set all parameters.

Example of rectangle with border and background color.

// draw graphics example
PdfRectangle Rect = new PdfRectangle(Left, Bottom, Left + Width, Bottom + Height);
PdfDrawCtrl RectCtrl = new PdfDrawCtrl();
RectCtrl.Paint = DrawPaint.BorderAndFill;
RectCtrl.BorderWidth = 0.02;
RectCtrl.BorderColor = Color.DarkBlue;
RectCtrl.BackgroundTexture = Color.Turquoise;
Contents.DrawGraphics(RectCtrl, Rect);

Example of drawing an image within oval area.

// define image resource
PdfImage Image = new PdfImage(Document);

// adjust image size and preserve aspect ratio
PdfRectangle ImageArea = new PdfRectangle(Left, Bottom, Right, Top);
PdfRectangle NewArea = PdfImageSizePos.ImageArea(Image, ImageArea, ContentAlignment.MiddleCenter);

// clipping path
PdfDrawCtrl DrawCtrl = new PdfDrawCtrl();
DrawCtrl.Shape = DrawShape.Oval;
DrawCtrl.Paint = DrawPaint.Border;
DrawCtrl.BorderWidth = 0.04;
DrawCtrl.BorderColor = Color.DarkBlue;
DrawCtrl.BackgroundTexture = Image;

// draw image
Contents.DrawGraphics(DrawCtrl, NewArea);

Draw single line of text

To draw single line of text , such as a heading, you need a font resource, you need to create a draw control object and you need to call the PdfContents.DrawText method. A simple example is given below. OtherExample.cs source code has many examples. See page 5. The draw control class gives you many options to control the text's display.


// draw single line of text
// define font resource
PdfFont ArialNormal = PdfFont.CreatePdfFont(Document, "Arial", FontStyle.Regular);

// create draw text control
PdfDrawTextCtrl TextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(ArialNormal, FontSize);

// set text attributes as required
// see PdfDrawTextCtrl.cs source code

// draw the text
Contents.DrawText(TextCtrl, PosX, PosY, "Arial normal ABCD abcd 1234");

Draw Text Box

Drawing a long string of text is done with PdfTextBox class.

  • Create a text box object and define the width of the box.
  • Add text segments. It can be done one or more times. For each segment of text you can use the same PdfDrawTextCtrl or a diffrent one. You can have text with diffrent colors, fonts, and sizes.
  • Draw the text box on one or more pages.

Below you will find an example of a text box to be printed on multiple pages.

// Create empty document
// Arguments: page width: 8.5", page height: 11", Unit of measure: inches
// Return value: PdfDocument main class
PdfDocument Document = new PdfDocument(PaperType.Letter, false, UnitOfMeasure.Inch, FileName);

// Add new page
PdfPage Page = new PdfPage(Document);

// Add contents to page
PdfContents Contents = new PdfContents(Page);

// define text box with width of 6.5"
PdfTextBox Box = new TextBox(6.5);

// define font
PdfFont ArialNormal = new PdfFont(Document, "Arial", FontStyle.Regular);

// create draw text control
PdfDrawTextCtrl TextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(ArialNormal, FontSize);

// add very long text
Box.AddText(TextCtrl, TextBlock);

// draw as many pages as needed
double PosX = 1.0;
double PosY;
int LineNo = 0;
    PosY = 10;
    LineNo = Contents.DrawText(PosX, ref PosY, 1.0, LineNo, Box);
    if(LineNo >= Box.LineCount) break;
    Page = new PdfPage(Document);
    Contents = new PdfContents(Page);
// on loop's exit PosY is the next position on the page

// create pdf file

Image Support

Displaying images in the PDF document is handled by the PdfImage class. Controlling image size and aspect ratio is done with PdfImageSizePos. Actual drawing is done with PdfContents.DrawGraphics method. This method takes two arguments PdfDrawCtrl and PdfRectangle. The PdfImage class is a PDF resource. Image sources can be:

  • Image file
  • .NET Image derived class such as Bitmap
  • A Boolean array of black and white pixels
  • QRCode barcode represented by QREncoder class
  • PDF 417 barcode represented by Pdf417Encoder class
  • PdfPrintDocument is using internally PdfImage to capture print pages

Images are saved to the PDF file in one of the following formats:

  • Jpeg format (lossy compression)
  • Indexed bitmap (Lossless compression)
  • Gray bitmap (Lossless compression)
  • Black and white bitmap (Lossless compression)

Color pictures should be saved in Jpeg format. To control the size of your image, you can reduce the resolution or change the image quality. Color pictures can be saved in shades of gray. Data size is cut by three, but you lose the color. If the image was created programmatically, and the number of colors are less than 256 the image can be saved as an indexed bitmap. Each color is represented by one byte (or less) compare to 3 bytes. This can result in a very significant file size reduction. If the image is black and white as in PdfPrintDocument images of text, the image can be saved as BWImage. In the case of PrintExample.pdf the Jpeg file is 1795KB and the black and white version is 66KB.

Adding an image to your PDF File

Create an empty PdfImage class.

PdfImage MyImage = new PdfImage(Document);

Set optional parameters if required. All the parameters have a default value. Optional parameters must be set before loading the image.

Set internal image format. Jpeg, IndexedImage, GrayImage, BWImage. Default is Jpeg.

MyImage.SaveAs = SaveImageAs.Jpeg;

Crop rectangle is the image area to be cropped. The default is no crop, entire image is drawn. The origin is at top left and Y axis is pointing down. The dimensions are in pixels. The crop rectangle must be contained within the image.

MyImage.CropRec = new Rectangle(x, y, width, height);

Crop percent rectangle is the image area to be cropped. The default is no crop (empty rectangle). The origin is at top left and Y axis is pointing down. The dimensions are in percent of image. The crop rectangle must be contained within the image.

MyImage.CropPercent = new RectangleF(x, y, width, height);

Image Quality is an integer in the range of 0 to 100. Representing poor to best quality image. The default (-1) is saving image with Bitmap default quality. For your information Bitmap class default image quality is 75. Lower image quality means smaller PDF file.

MyImage.ImageQuality = PdfImage.DefaultQuality;

Image resolution sets the image resolution provided that it is smaller than the resolution of source image. Default of 0, is keeping the original image resolution. Resolution is specified in pixels per inch. Reduced resolution means smaller PDF file.

MyImage.Resolution = 0;

Cutoff value for gray conversion to black and white. The range is 1 to 99. The default is 50. If shade of gray is below cutoff, the result is black. If shade of gray is above cutoff, the result is white.

MyImage.GrayToBWCutoff = 50;

Reverse black and white. Default is false. In Gray or BW images the color is reversed.

MyImage.ReverseBW = false;

Attach to layer control. Image visibility will be controlled by viewer application.

MyImage.LayerControl = PdfLayer;

Load image into PdfImage object. NOTE: the loading method saves the image in the PDF output file. Once this step is done the image cannot be changed.

Use one of five methods to load the image. image source can be a file, Bitmap, BW bool array, QRCode or Pdf417 barcode.


Draw the image into the PDF Document. Image will be stretched to fill the rectangle area.

PdfRectangle ImageRect = PdfRectangle(PosX, PosY, Width, Height);
Contents.DrawImage(MyImage, ImageRect);

Second choice is to draw the image by specifying the width and not the height. The height will be calculated to maintain the correct aspect ratio.

Contents.DrawImage(MyImage, PosX, PosY, Width);

If you want the image to maintain correct aspect ratio use PdfImageSizePos.ImageSize to calculate the width and height. If the ratio of width and height is not the same as the image, the image will look stretched in one of the directions. See OtherExample 2e.

SizeD PdfImageSizePos.ImageSize(MyImage, DrawingArea);
// Or
SizeD PdfImageSizePos.ImageSize(MyImage, DrawingArea, ContentAlignment.MiddleCenter);

Barcode Support

The code below illustrates how to include EAN13 barcode in a PDF document.

// create barcode object
PdfBarcodeEAN13 Barcode1 = new PdfBarcodeEAN13("1234567890128");

// create draw barcode control object
PdfDrawBarcodeCtrl BarcodeCtrl = new PdfDrawBarcodeCtrl();
BarcodeCtrl.NarrowBarWidth = 0.012;
BarcodeCtrl.Height = 0.75;

// create draw text control for the text below the barcode
BarcodeCtrl.TextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(ArialNormal, 8.0);

// draw the barcode
Contents.DrawBarcode(BarcodeCtrl, PosX, PosY, Barcode1);

The PDF File Writer library includes a base class Barcode. For each supported barcode one needs a derived class. The class library includes four derived classes: Barcode128, Barcode39, BarcodeInterleaved2of5 and BarcodeEAN13. The BarcodeEAN13 produces EAN-13 barcode if the input string is 13 digits and UPC-A if the input string is 12 digits. Input string with 13 digit and a leading zero is considered UPC-A.

The DrawBarcode method has several overloads. You specify the position of the bottom left corner of the barcode, the width of the narrow bar, the height of the barcode and the derived barcode class. There are optional arguments: justification (left, center, right) color and font to display the text. Quiet zone around the barcode is your responsibility. Optional text is displayed below the barcode. If you select color other than black you should make sure, the contrast to the background is significant. Usage examples are given in Draw Barcodes, ArticleExample.cs and OtherExample.cs.

If you want to create a derived class for another barcode, use the source code for the three included classes as an example.

QR Code Support

The PDF File Writer library provides support for QR Code. It is based on article QR Code Encoder and Decoder Class Library Written in C# . The program supports three characters sets: numeric, alphanumeric and eight-bit byte. The program does not support Kanji characters. The program will scan the data string input and selects the most effective character set. If your data can be divided into segments with just digits or just alphanumeric characters you can create a QR Code object with array of data strings.

Adding QRCode to your PDF document must follow the steps below.

  • Create QREncoder object.
  • Set encoding options. All encoding options have default values.
  • Encode a data string or a data bytes array.
  • Create PdfImage.
  • Draw the barcode image with PdfContent.DrawImage

QR Code example

// create QRCode barcode
PdfQREncoder QREncoder = new PdfQREncoder();

// set error correction code
QREncoder.ErrorCorrection = ErrorCorrection.M;

// set module size in pixels
QREncoder.ModuleSize = 1;

// set quiet zone in pixels
QREncoder.QuietZone = 4;

// encode your text or byte array

// convert QRCode to black and white image
PdfImage BarcodeImage = new PdfImage(Document);

// draw image (height is the same as width for QRCode)
Contents.DrawImage(BarcodeImage, OrigX, OrigY, Width);

PDF417 Barcode

PDF417 barcode support software is based on article PDF417 Barcode Encoder Class Library and Demo App. The PDF417 barcode documentation and specification can be found in the following websites. Wikipedia provides a good introduction to PDF417. Click here to access the page. The PDF417 standard can be purchased from the ISO organization at this website. An early version of the specifications can be downloaded from this website for free. I strongly recommend that you download this document if you want to fully understand the encoding options.

The PDF417 barcode encodes array of bytes into an image of black and white bars. Encoding Unicode text requires converting Unicode characters into bytes. The decoder must do the reverse process to recover the text. The bytes are converted to codewords. This conversion process compresses the bytes into codewords. The encoder adds error correction codewords for error detection and recovery. Once the total number of data codewords and error correction codewords is known, the encoder divides the codewords into data rows and data columns. The final step is the creation of a black and white image.

Adding PDF417 barcode to your PDF document must follow the steps below.

  • Create Pdf417Encoder object.
  • Set encoding options. All encoding options have default values.
  • Encode a data string or a data bytes array.
  • Check the image width and height or the number of data columns and data rows to make sure image size is appropriate for your application. If it is not, adjust the layout.
  • Create PdfImage.
  • Draw the barcode image with PdfContent.DrawImage

Example of PDF417 Barcode Drawing

public void DrawPdf417Barcode()
string ArticleLink = 

// create PDF417 barcode
Pdf417Encoder Pdf417 = new Pdf417Encoder();
Pdf417.DefaultDataColumns = 3;

// convert Pdf417 to black and white image
PdfImage BarcodeImage = new PdfImage(Document);

// draw image
Contents.DrawImage(BarcodeImage, 1.1, 5.2, 2.5);

PDF417 Barcode Object

Create PDF417 barcode object. This object can be reused serially to produce multiple barcodes.

// create PDF417 barcode
Pdf417Encoder Pdf417 = new Pdf417Encoder();

Set optional parameters to control the encoding process.

Encoding control

The PDF417 encoder encodes Input bytes into codewords. There are three types of codewords: byte, text and numeric. The program has an algorithm to divide the data input into these three types to compress the data. The default is Auto. However, you can restrict the encoding to only bytes or only text and bytes.

Pdf417.EncodingControl = Pdf417EncodingControl.Auto;
// or
Pdf417.EncodingControl = Pdf417EncodingControl.ByteOnly;
// or
Pdf417.EncodingControl = Pdf417EncodingControl.TextAndByte;

Error Correction Level

The PDF417 adds error correction codewords to detect errors and correct them. More error correction codewords improves the reliability of the barcode. However, it makes the barcode bigger. Error correction level allows you to control the quality of the barcode. The ErrorCorrectionLevel enumeration has two types of values. Fixed levels from 0 to 8. And levels that are recommended values based on the number of data codewords. The default value in ErrorCorrectionLevel.AutoNormal. For more details look at Table 6 and Table 7 in the PDF417 Specification.

Pdf417.ErrorCorrection = ErrorCorrectionLevel.Level_0; // up to Level_8
// or
Pdf417.ErrorCorrection = ErrorCorrectionLevel.AutoNormal;
// or
Pdf417.ErrorCorrection = ErrorCorrectionLevel.AutoLow; // one less than normal
// or
Pdf417.ErrorCorrection = ErrorCorrectionLevel.AutoMedium; // one more than normal
// or
Pdf417.ErrorCorrection = ErrorCorrectionLevel.AutoHigh; // two more than normal

Narrow Bar Width

The width in pixels of a narrow barcode bar. The default is 2. If this value is changed, the program makes sure that RowHeight is at least three times that value. And that QuiteZone is at least twice that value.

Pdf417.NarrowBarWidth = value;

Row Height

The height in pixels of one row. This value must be greater than or equal to 3 times the NarrowBarWidth value. The default is 6.

Pdf417.RowHeight = value;

Quiet Zone

The width of the quiet zone all around the barcode. The quiet zone is white. This value must be greater than or equal to 2 times the NarrowBarWidth value. The default is 4.

Pdf417.QuietZone = value;

Default Data Columns

The default data columns value. The value must be in the range of 1 to 30. The default is 3. After the input data is encoded, the software sets the number of data columns to the default data columns and calculates the number of data rows. If the number of data rows exceeds the maximum allowed (90), the software sets the number of rows to the maximum allowed and recalculate the number of data columns. If the result is greater than the maximum columns allowed, an exception is thrown.

Pdf417.DefaultDataColumns = value;

Global Label ID Character Set

Set Global Label ID Character Set to ISO 8859 standard. The n can be 1 to 9 or 13 or 15. If the string is null, the default of ISO-8859-1 is used. Language support is defined here.

Pdf417.GlobalLabelIDCharacterSet = "ISO-8859-n";

Global Label ID User Defined

Set Global Label ID User Defined value. The default is not used. I did not find any reference explaining the usage of this value. User defined value must be between 810900 and 811799.

Pdf417.GlobalLabelIDUserDefined = UserDefinedValue;

Global Label ID General Purpose

Set Global Label ID General Purpose value. The default is not used. I did not find any reference explaining the usage of this value. User defined value must be between 900 and 810899.

Pdf417.GlobalLabelIDGeneralPurpose = UserDefinedValue;

Encoding data

There are two encoding methods. One accepts text string as an input and the other one accepts byte array as an input.

Pdf417.Encode(string StringData);
// or
Pdf417.Encode(byte[] BinaryData);

The barcode was designed for binary data. Therefore, the first method above must encode the string from 16 bit characters to byte array. The encode method with string input has the following conversion logic. The Global Label ID Character Set property control the conversion. It is done in two steps. Step one string to UTF8 and step two UTF8 to ISO-8859-n. If you want to encode Hebrew, you should set the character set to ISO-8859-8.

public void Encode(string StringData)
// convert string to UTF8 byte array
byte[] UtfBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(StringData);

// convert UTF8 byte array to ISO-8859-n byte array
Encoding ISO = Encoding.GetEncoding(_GlobalLabelIDCharacterSet ?? "ISO-8859-1");
byte[] IsoBytes = Encoding.Convert(Encoding.UTF8, ISO, UtfBytes);

// call the encode binary data method

Final Barcode Layout

After the data was encoded, you can check the layout of the barcode by examining these values: ImageWidth, ImageHeight, DataColumns or DataRows. If you want to readjust the width and the height of the barcode you can used one of the methods below. In addition, you can readjust the optional parameters: NarrowBarWidth, RowHeight or QuietZonevalues.

Width to Height Ratio

This method will calculate the number of data rows and data columns to achieve a desired width to height ratio. The ratio includes the quiet zone. Check the return value for success.

Bool Pdf417.WidthToHeightRatio(double Ratio);

Set Data Columns

This method will calculate the number of data rows based on the desired number of data columns. Check the return value for success.

Bool Pdf417.SetDataColumns(int Columns);

Set Data Rows

This method will calculate the number of data columns based on the desired number of data rows. Check the return value for success.

Bool Pdf417.SetDataRows(int Rows);

Create PDF Document Image Resource

In this step we create a PDF document image resource from the PDF417 barcode.

PdfImage BarcodeImage = new PdfImage(Document, Pdf417);

Draw the Barcode

The last step is adding the barcode to the content of a PDF document’s page.

// PosX and PosY are the page coordinates in user units.
// Width is the width of the barcode in user units.
// The height of the barcode is calculated to preserve aspect ratio.
// Height = Width * BarcodeImage.ImageHeight / BarcodeImage.ImageWidth
Contents.DrawImage(BarcodeImage, PosX, PosY, Width);

Weblink Support

The PDF File Writer library provides weblink support. This feature is one of the PDF interactive features described in the PDF reference manual in Section 8 Interactive Features. It is a combination of annotation and action. Annotation associates a weblink with an area on the page. When the user clicks on the area, the PDF reader will activate the default web browser navigating to the desired web page.

The annotation area is a rectangle area defined by absolute coordinates relative to the bottom left corner of the page. First you create an annotation weblink object that ties the link url To the page. Next you define the annotation rectangle on the page in absolute coordinates.

// create weblink annotation object
PdfAnnotWebLink WebLink = new PdfAnnotWebLink(Document, ArticleLink);
WebLink.AnnotRect = new PdfRectangle(Left, Bottom, Right, Top);

Annotations are not part of the page contents. For the user to know where to click on the page, you need to display appropriate text or graphics in the same area of the page. In other words, you need to create PdfAnnotWebLink object attached to a specific page and supply the weblink. When you create the weblink, the software associates it with the current page. And at the same time display a graphic object such as an image or text on that page. Because AddWebLink requires coordinates relative to the bottom left corner of the page, the coordinates of your graphic object must be the same. In other words, do not use translation, scaling or rotation. If you do, you need to make sure that the two areas will coincide.

Drawing weblink within TextBox is a two-step process. First you add the text and the weblink string to the box using the AddText method of TextBox class. The weblink is included in the PdfDrawTextCtrl argument. Second you draw the TextBox to the page contents using the DrawText methods of PdfContents. The last argument must be the current page.

Add weblink to TextBox. The text will be displayed underlined and blue.

// create text box
PdfTextBox Box = new PdfTextBox(BoxWidth);

Add weblink to TextBox. The text attributes are defined by DrawStyle and FontColor.

// add weblink to text segment
PdfDrawTextCtrl TextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(ArialNormal, 11);
TextCtrl.Annotation = new PdfAnnotWebLink(Document, ArticleLink);
Box.AddText(TextCtrl, ArticleDescription);

// draw box contents
// note: PosYTop is by reference.
// On exit from the method the PosYTop 
// will have the next Y position
Contents.DrawText(BoxPosX, ref BoxPosY, BoxBottomPosY, 0, 0, 0, TextBoxJustify.Left, Box);

For coding examples please review ArticleExample.cs and OtherExample.cs source code.

PDF form Support

An interactive form sometimes referred to as an AcroForm is a collection of fields for gathering information interactively from the user. A PDF document may contain any number of fields appearing on any combination of pages, all of which make up a single, global interactive form spanning the entire document.

Image 2

Each field in a document’s interactive form is defined a class derived from PdfWidgetField. The library supports the following fields.

  • Button field PdfAcroButtonField.
  • Check box field PdfCheckBoxField.
  • Combo box field PdfComboBoxField.
  • List box field PdfListBoxField.
  • Text box field PdfTextBoxField.
  • Radio button group and radio button field PdfRadioButtonGroup PdfRadioButton.

All fields share one parent PdfAcroForm.

Each field has a unique name. The name is madeof two parts, a page number and a unique name for this page. "Page#/name". The page number (#) is NOT the document page number, but a sequential page number of pages with fields. The name is the field name given when the class is created. The name must be unique on the page.

Fonts used for text fields and combo-box edit field must be define with Unicode range or ranges. The library saves each font and each glyph definition. The library has no way of knowing which characters the user will enter into a text field. To solve this problem a range or a group of ranges must be define. For English it is simple the ASCII range is enough. For other languages, you must define the appropriate range.

// data entry font
PdfFont FieldTextFont = PdfFont.CreatePdfFont(Document, "Arial", FontStyle.Regular);
PdfDrawTextCtrl FieldTextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(FieldTextFont, 12);

// set all ascii range is included
FieldTextFont.SetCharRangeActive(' ', '~');

For more information, please review FormExample.cs source code.

Below you will find a method to draw a text field. It is taken from the form example above.

// Add text field
private PdfAcroTextField AddTextField
    double OrigX, // left origin
    double OrigY, // top origin
    out double Width, // returned overall width
    out double Height, // returned overall height
    string FieldDescription, // field description
    string FieldName, // field name
    string FieldValue, // field initial value
    int TextMaxLength // field maximum length
// constants
const double VertGap = 0.12;
const double FrameToField = 0.04;

// adjust PosY to the bottom of field description
double PosY = OrigY;
PosY -= FixedTextCtrl.LineSpacing;

// field description
double DescriptionWidth = Contents.DrawText(FixedTextCtrl, OrigX + FieldMargin, PosY + FixedTextCtrl.TextDescent, FieldDescription);

// adjust top to the bottom of field frame
PosY -= FieldTextCtrl.LineSpacing + VertGap;

// field width
double FieldWidth = TextMaxLength * FieldTextCtrl.CharWidth('0');
double FieldHeight = FieldTextCtrl.LineSpacing;

// frame margin
double FrameMargin = DrawFrame.BorderWidth + FrameToField;

// frame rectangle
PdfRectangle FrameRect = new PdfRectangle(OrigX, PosY, OrigX + FieldWidth + 2 * FrameMargin, PosY + FieldHeight + 2 * FrameMargin);

// draw frame
Contents.DrawGraphics(DrawFrame, FrameRect);

// data entry field rectangle
PdfRectangle FieldRect = FrameRect.AddMargin(-FrameMargin);

// text field
PdfAcroTextField TextField = new PdfAcroTextField(AcroForm, FieldName);
TextField.AnnotRect = FieldRect;
TextField.TextCtrl = FieldTextCtrl;
TextField.TextMaxLength = TextMaxLength;
TextField.BackgroundColor = Color.FromArgb(240, 240, 255);
if(!string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(FieldValue)) TextField.FieldValue = FieldValue;

// text field appearance

Width = Math.Max(FrameRect.Width, DescriptionWidth);
Height = OrigY - FrameRect.Bottom;

// return
return TextField;

Radio buttons come in group. Only one button at a time can be active. Each group has a unique name. All the radio buttons with the same group name are members of that group. The PdfAcroRadioButtonGroup class is created automatically by the library. You have to define the PdfAcroRadioButton classes. Please look at method AddRadioButtonGroup in FormExample.

Bookmarks Support

Bookmarks are described in the PDF specification (section 8.2.2 Document Outline) as follows: "A PDF Document may optionally display a document outline on the screen, allowing the user to navigate interactively from one part of the document to another. The outline consists of a tree-structured hierarchy of outline items (sometimes called bookmarks), which serve as a visual table of contents to display the document's structure to the user. The user can interactively open and close individual item by clicking them with the mouse."

The OtherExample.cs source code has an example of bookmarks. At one location there is a hierarchy of three levels. You can see the result in OtherExample.pdf file.

The first step in adding bookmarks to your application is:

// set the program to display bookmarks
// and get the bookmark root object
PdfBookmark BookmarkRoot = Document.GetBookmarksRoot();

This step activates bookmarks in your document and returns the root node.

Adding bookmarks is like adding controls to a windows form. The first level bookmarks are added to the root. Subsequent levels are added to existing bookmarks. At minimum you must define a title, page, vertical position on the page and an open entries flag. Page is the PdfPage object of the page to go to. YPos is the vertical position relative to the bottom left corner of the page. Open entries flag is true if the lower-level bookmarks are visible and false if the lower levels are hidden. The first level is always visible by default.

// hierarchy example
PdfBookmark FirstLevel_1 = BookmarkRoot.AddBookmark("Chapter 1", Page, YPos, false);
PdfBookmark SecondLevel_11 = FirstLevel_1.AddBookmark("Section 1.1", Page, YPos, false);
PdfBookmark SecondLevel_12 = FirstLevel_1.AddBookmark("Section 1.2", Page, YPos, false);
PdfBookmark ThirdLevel_121 = SecondLevel_12.AddBookmark("Section 1.2.1", Page, YPos, false);
PdfBookmark ThirdLevel_122 = SecondLevel_12.AddBookmark("Section 1.2.2", Page, YPos, false);
PdfBookmark SecondLevel_13 = FirstLevel_1.AddBookmark("Section 1.3", Page, YPos, false);
PdfBookmark FirstLevel_2 = BookmarkRoot.AddBookmark("Chapter 2", Page, YPos, false);
PdfBookmark SecondLevel_21 = FirstLevel_2.AddBookmark("Section 2.1", Page, YPos, false);
PdfBookmark SecondLevel_22 = FirstLevel_2.AddBookmark("Section 2.2", Page, YPos, false);

AddBookmark() method has four overloading variations:

// create bookmark control object
PdfBookmarkCtrl BookmarkCtrl = new PdfBookmarkCtrl();
BookmarkCtrl.Color = Color.Red;
BookmarkCtrl.TextStyle = BookmarkTextStyle.Bold;

// add bookmark
PdfBookmark Bookmark = BookmarkRoot.AddBookmark(BookmarkCtrl, BookmarkText, Page, PosX, PosY);

PdfBookmark class exposes one more method GetChild. You can get any bookmark by calling GetChild with one or more integer arguments. Each argument is a zero-base argument of the child position in the level. For example, GetChild(2) is the third item of the first level. GetChild(2, 3) is the fourth second level item of the third first level item.

Print Document Support

Print document support allows you to print a report in the same way as printing to a printer and producing a PDF document. The difference between this method of producing a PDF file and using PdfContents to produce a PDF file is the difference between raster graphics to vector graphics. Print document support creates one jpeg image per page. PrintExample.cs has an example of creating a three-page document.

Normally each page is a full image of the page. If your page is letter size and the resolution is 300 pixels per inch, each pixel is 3 bytes, the bit map of the page will be 25.245MB long. PrintPdfDocument has a method CropRect that can reduce the size of the bit map significantly. Assuming one inch margin is used, the active size of the bit map will be reduced to 15.795 MB. That is 37.4% reduction.

// main program
// Create empty document
Document = new PdfDocument(PaperType.Letter, false, UnitOfMeasure.Inch);

// create PrintPdfDocument producing an image with 300 pixels per inch
PdfImageControl ImageControl = new PdfImageControl();
ImageControl.Resolution = 300.0;
PrintPdfDocument Print = new PrintPdfDocument(Document, ImageControl);

// PrintPage in the delegate method PrintPageEventHandler
// This method will print one page at a time to PrintDocument 
Print.PrintPage += PrintPage;

// set margins in user units (Left, top, right, bottom)
// note the margins order are per .net standard and not PDF standard
Print.SetMargins(1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0);

// crop the page image result to reduce PDF file size
// the crop rectangle is per .net standard.
// The origin is top left.
Print.CropRect = new RectangleF(0.95F, 0.95F, 6.6F, 9.1F);

// initiate the printing process (calling the PrintPage method)
// after the document is printed, add each page as an image to PDF file.

// dispose of the PrintDocument object

// create the PDF file

Example of PrintPage method

// Print each page of the document to PrintDocument class
// You can use standard PrintDocument.PrintPage(...) method.
// NOTE: The graphics origin is top left and Y axis is pointing down.
// In other words, this is not PdfContents printing.
public void PrintPage(object sender, PrintPageEventArgs e)
// graphics object short cut
Graphics G = e.Graphics;

// Set everything to high quality
G.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
G.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
G.PixelOffsetMode = PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;
G.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;

// print area within margins
Rectangle PrintArea = e.MarginBounds;

// draw rectangle around print area
G.DrawRectangle(Pens.DarkBlue, PrintArea);

// line height
int LineHeight = DefaultFont.Height + 8;
Rectangle TextRect = new Rectangle(PrintArea.X + 4, PrintArea.Y + 4, PrintArea.Width - 8, LineHeight);

// display page bounds
// DefaultFont is defined somewhere else
String text = String.Format("Page Bounds: Left {0}, Top {1}, Right {2}, Bottom {3}",
    e.PageBounds.Left, e.PageBounds.Top, e.PageBounds.Right, e.PageBounds.Bottom);
G.DrawString(text, DefaultFont, Brushes.Black, TextRect);
TextRect.Y += LineHeight;

// display print area
text = String.Format("Page Margins: Left {0}, Top {1}, Right {2}, Bottom {3}",
    PrintArea.Left, PrintArea.Top, PrintArea.Right, PrintArea.Bottom);
G.DrawString(text, DefaultFont, Brushes.Black, TextRect);
TextRect.Y += LineHeight;

// print some lines
for(int LineNo = 1;;LineNo++)
    text = String.Format("Page {0}, Line {1}", PageNo, LineNo);
    G.DrawString(text, DefaultFont, Brushes.Black, TextRect);
    TextRect.Y += LineHeight;
    if(TextRect.Bottom > PrintArea.Bottom) break;
// move on to next page
e.HasMorePages = PageNo <= 3;

Data Table Support

The data table classes allow you to display data tables in your PDF document. PdfTable is the main class controlling the display of one table. A table is made of a header row and data rows. Each row is divided into cells. PdfTableCell controls the display of one header cell or one data cell. If header is used it will be displayed at the top of the table. Optionally it will be displayed at the top of each additional page. To display data in a cell, you load the data into the Value property of PdfTableCell. Data can be text string, basic numeric value, bool, Char, TextBox, image, QR code or barcode. Independently of data, you can load the cell with document link, web link, video, audio, or embedded file. Clicking anywhere within the cell's area will cause the PDF reader to activate the document link, web link, video, audio or embedded file. The display of the data is controlled by PdfTableStyle class. PdfTable class contains a default cell style and a default header style. You can override the default styles with private styles within PdfTableCell. To display a table, you create a PdfTable object. Next you initialize the table, header cells, data cells and styles objects. Finally, you set a loop and load the cell values of one row and then draw this row. This loop continues until all data was displayed. Below you will find the necessary sequence of steps to produce a table.

Image 3

When DrawRow method is called, the software calculates the required row height. Row height is the height of the tallest cell. The row will be drawn if there is sufficient space within the table. When the available space at the bottom is too small, a new page is called, and optional heading and the current row are displayed at the top of the table. If the required row height is so large that it will not fit in full empty table, an exception is raised. To accommodate long multi-line Strings or TextBoxes, the software can handle these cases in a flexible way. Multi-line String is converted by PdfTable into a TextBox. The PdfTableStyle class has a TextBoxPageBreakLines property. If this property is set to zero (default), the TextBox is treated as other data values. TextBox height must fit the page. If TextBoxPageBreakLines is set to a positive integer, the system will calculate cell's height as TextBox height or the height the first few lines as specified by TextBoxPageBreakLines. The system will draw the row with as many lines that fit the page. New page will be created, and the rest of the lines will be drawn. In other words, the first block of lines of a long TextBox will be at least TextBoxPageBreakLines long. TableExample.cs source contains an example of long TextBox cells.

Create a PdfTable object.

// create table
PdfTable Table = new PdfTable(Page, Contents, DrawTextCtrl);

Page is the current PdfPage. Contents is the current PdfContents. DrawTextCtrl contains the default font and font size to be used.

Define table's area on the page.

// table's area on the page
Table.TableArea = new PdfRectangle(Left, Bottom, Right, Top);

// first page starting vertical position
Table.RowTopPosition = StartingTopPosition;

The four arguments are the four sides of the table relative to bottom left corner and in user units. If on the first page the table-top position is not at the top of the page set RowTopPosition to the starting top position. On subsequent pages the table will always start at the top. If TableArea is not specified, the library will set it to default page size less one inch margin.

Divide the table width into columns.

// divide table area width into columns
StockTable.SetColumnWidth(Width1, Width2, Width3, ...);

The number of arguments is the number of columns. The table width less total border lines will be divided in proportion to these arguments.

Once the number of columns is set with SetColumnWidth method the library creates two PdfTableCell arrays. One array for header cells and one array for data cells.

Rows and columns of the data table can be separated by border lines. Border lines properties are defined by PdfTableBorder and PdfTableBorderStyle. There are four horizontal border lines: TopBorder, BottomBorder, HeaderHorBorder between the header row and first data row and CellHorBorder between data rows. There are two sets of vertical border lines: HeaderVertBorder array for vertical border lines within the header row, and CellVertBorder array for vertical border lines between columns within the data part of the table. Arrays size is the number of columns plus one. Array element zero is the table's left border. Array element Columns is the table's right border. All other elements are lines separating columns. Each of these lines can be defined individually. There are methods to define all border lines at once or define each individual border line.

Methods to define all border lines:

// clear all border lines

// set all border lines to default values (no need to call)
// All frame lines are one point (1/72") wide
// All grid lines are 0.2 of one point wide
// All borders are black

// set all borders to same width and black color
Table.Borders.SetAllBorders(double Width);

// set all borders to same width and a specified color
Table.Borders.SetAllBorders(double Width, Color LineColor);

// set all borders to one width and all grid lines to another width all lines are black
Table.Borders.SetAllBorders(double FrameWidth, double GridWidth);

// set all borders to one width and color and all grid lines to another width and color
Table.Borders.SetAllBorders(double FrameWidth, Color FrameColor, double GridWidth, Color GridColor);

// set all frame borders to same width and black color and clear all grid lines
Table.Borders.SetFrame(double Width);

// set all frame borders to same width and a specified color and clear all grid lines
Table.Borders.SetFrame(double Width, Color LineColor);

Each horizontal border line can be cleared or set. The example is for top border line:

// clear border

// set border with default color set to black
// Zero width means one pixel of the output device.
Table.Borders.SetTopBorder(double LineWidth);

// set border
Table.Borders.SetTopBorder(double LineWidth, Color LineColor);

Each vertical border line can be cleared or set. The example is for cell's vertical border lines:

// clear border
Table.Borders.ClearCellVertBorder(int Index);

// set border with default color set to black
Table.Borders.SetCellVertBorder(int Index, double LineWidth);

// set border
Table.Borders.SetCellVertBorder(int Index, double LineWidth, Color LineColor);

Set other optional table properties. The values given in the example below are the defaults.

// header on each page
HeaderOnEachPage = true;

// minimum row height
MinRowHeight = 0.0;

Table information is processed one row at a time. Each row is made of cells. One cell per column. The display of cell's information is controlled by PdfTableStyle class. There are about 20 style properties. Some of these styles are specific to the type of information to be displayed. Here is an example.

// make some changes to default header style
Table.DefaultHeaderStyle.Alignment = ContentAlignment.BottomRight;

// create private style for header first column
Table.Header[0].Style = Table.HeaderStyle;
Table.Header[0].Style.Alignment = ContentAlignment.MiddleLeft;

// load header value
Table.Header[0].Value = "Date";

// make some changes to default cell style
Table.DefaultCellStyle.Alignment = ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
Table.DefaultCellStyle.Format = "#,##0.00";

// create private style for date column
Table.Cell[0].Style = StockTable.CellStyle;
Table.Cell[0].Style.Alignment = ContentAlignment.MiddleLeft;
Table.Cell[0].Style.Format = null;

After initialization is done it is time to display the data. The example below is from TableExample.cs. It is a table of stock prices. There are 6 columns.

// open stock daily price
StreamReader Reader = new StreamReader("SP500.csv");

// ignore header

// read all daily prices
    String TextLine = Reader.ReadLine();
    if(TextLine == null) break;

    String[] Fld = TextLine.Split(new Char[] {','});

    Table.Cell[ColDate].Value = Fld[ColDate];
    Table.Cell[ColOpen].Value = double.Parse(Fld[ColOpen], NFI.PeriodDecSep);
    Table.Cell[ColHigh].Value = double.Parse(Fld[ColHigh], NFI.PeriodDecSep);
    Table.Cell[ColLow].Value = double.Parse(Fld[ColLow], NFI.PeriodDecSep);
    Table.Cell[ColClose].Value = double.Parse(Fld[ColClose], NFI.PeriodDecSep);
    Table.Cell[ColVolume].Value = int.Parse(Fld[ColVolume]);

The DrawRow(NewPage) method has an optional argument bool NewPage = false. The default value is false. If you want the next row to be printed at the top of the next page, set the argument to true.

Interactive features example.

// set cell number 6 with web link
BookList.Cell[6].WebLink = WebLinkString;

// another way to set any annotation
// any of the annotation derived classes
BookList.Cell[6].Annotation = new PdfAnnotWebLink(Document, WebLinkString);

For more examples of data table source code look into ArticleExample.cs and TableExample.cs.

Play Video Files

The PdfFileWriter supports embedding video files in the PDF document. Full examples of playing video files are given in the page 7 of OtherExample.cs. Adding a video file requires the use of three classes. First you need to embed the video file in the PDF document.

Second you need to define how the video is to be played. The PdfDisplayMedia class has several methods to control the video display. Please refer to the class' source code. For example: RepeatCount or ScaleMedia. If you want to play the video in a floating window you must use SetMediaWindow method.

Third you need to define the area on the PDF page that the user must click in order to activate the video. If you want to activate the video when the annotation area is visible, use ActivateActionWhenPageIsVisible.

// load the video into embedded file object
PdfEmbeddedFile Video = PdfEmbeddedFile.CreateEmbeddedFile(Document, "Omega.mp4");

// create display media annotation object
DisplayMedia = new PdfAnnotDisplayMedia(Document, Video);

// activate display controls
DisplayMedia.DisplayControls = true;

// display the video in floating window
DisplayMedia.MediaWindowType = MediaWindow.Floating;

// title bar text
DisplayMedia.FloatingWindowTitleText = "Floating Window Example";

// Text control
PdfDrawTextCtrl TextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(ArialNormal, 12);
TextCtrl.Justify = TextJustify.Center;
double LineSpacing = TextCtrl.LineSpacing;

// draw text on the page (first line)
double TextPosX = PosX + 0.5 * AreaWidth;
double TextPosY = PosY + 0.5 * AreaHeight + LineSpacing;
double TextWidth = Contents.DrawText(TextCtrl, TextPosX, TextPosY, "Click this text to play the video");

// draw text on the page (second line)
TextPosY -= LineSpacing;
Contents.DrawText(TextCtrl, TextPosX, TextPosY, "in a floating window");

// create annotation rectangle over the two lines of text
DisplayMedia.AnnotRect = new PdfRectangle(TextPosX - 0.5 * TextWidth, TextPosY - TextCtrl.TextDescent,
	TextPosX + 0.5 * TextWidth, TextPosY + TextCtrl.TextAscent + LineSpacing);

// activate the video when the page becomes visible (option)
// DisplayMedia.ActivateActionWhenPageIsVisible(true);

Play Sound Files

The PdfFileWriter supports embedding sound files in the PDF document. Full example of playing sound file is given in the page 7 of OtherExample.cs. Embedding sound files is essentially the same as video files. The only obvious difference is that there is nothing to display.

// text control
PdfDrawTextCtrl RedTextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(ArialNormal, 12);
RedTextCtrl.Justify = TextJustify.Center;
RedTextCtrl.TextColor = Color.Red;

// display text area to activate the sound
double TextPosX = PosX + 0.5 * AreaWidth;
double TextPosY = PosY + 0.7 * AreaHeight + RedTextCtrl.LineSpacing;
double TextWidth = Contents.DrawText(RedTextCtrl, TextPosX, TextPosY, "Click this text to play");

// second line of ringing sound
TextPosY -= RedTextCtrl.LineSpacing;
Contents.DrawText(RedTextCtrl, TextPosX, TextPosY, "Ringing sound");

// rectangle around the two lines of text
PdfRectangle TextRect = new PdfRectangle(TextPosX - 0.5 * TextWidth, TextPosY - RedTextCtrl.TextDescent,
	TextPosX + 0.5 * TextWidth, TextPosY + RedTextCtrl.LineSpacing + RedTextCtrl.TextAscent);

// create embedded media file
PdfEmbeddedFile RingSoundFile = PdfEmbeddedFile.CreateEmbeddedFile(Document, "Ring01.wav");
PdfAnnotDisplayMedia RingSound = new PdfAnnotDisplayMedia(Document, RingSoundFile);
RingSound.MediaWindowType = MediaWindow.Hidden;
RingSound.AnnotRect = TextRect;

// activate ring sound when page is visible (option)

Attach Data Files

The PdfFileWriter supports embedding data files in the PDF document. Full example of embedding file is given in the page 7 of OtherExample.cs. The user can save the files or display the files.

// embedded file
// text control
PdfDrawTextCtrl TextCtrl = new PdfDrawTextCtrl(ArialNormal, 12);
TextCtrl.Justify = TextJustify.Center;

// load embedded file
PdfEmbeddedFile EmbeddedFile = PdfEmbeddedFile.CreateEmbeddedFile(Document, "BookList.txt");

// create annotation object for file attachment
TextCtrl.Annotation = new PdfAnnotFileAttachment(Document, EmbeddedFile);

// display area for the user to click on
TextCtrl.TextColor = Color.DarkViolet;
Contents.DrawText(TextCtrl, PosX + 0.5 * AreaWidth, PosY + 0.4 * AreaHeight, "Right click to open or save the attached file,");

Reorder Pages

The PdfFileWriter appends new pages to the end of the page list. If you want to move a page from its current position to a new position, use the following method.

// Source and destination index are zero based.
// Source must be 0 to PageCount - 1.
// Destination must be 0 to PageCount.
// If destination index is PageCount, the page will be the last page
// PageCount is a property of PdfDocument.
Document.MovePage(int SourceIndex, int DestinationIndex);

PDF Document Output

The PdfFileWriter creates PDF documents. The main class PdfDocument constructor gives you two choices to save the document. The first choice is to save the PDF file to a disk file. In this case you provide the constuctor with a file name. At the end of file creation, you call PdfDocument.CreateFile. This method writes the PDF to the file and closes the file.

// create main class
PdfDocument Document = new PdfDocument(PaperType.Letter, false, UnitOfMeasure.Inch, FileName);

// terminate

The second choice is a stream. You create a stream, either memory stream or a file stream, and you pass the stream as an argument to the PdfDocument constructor. After CreateFile method is executed, your stream contains the PDF document. Extract the document from the stream as appropriate to your application. You must close the stream in your application.

// create memory stream
MemoryStream PdfStream = new MemoryStream();

// create main class
PdfDocument Document = new PdfDocument(PaperType.Letter, false, UnitOfMeasure.Inch, PdfStream);

// terminate

// save the memory stream to a file
FileStream FS = new FileStream(FileName, FileMode.Create);

Document Information Dictionary

The PDF document information dictionary is displayed by the PDF reader in the Description tab of the document properties. The information includes Title, Author, Subject, Keywords, Created-Date and Created-Time, Modified date and time, the Application that produced the file, the PDF Producer. Including document information in your application is done as follows:

// Document information example
PdfInfo Info = new PdfInfo(Document);
Info.Title("Article Example");
Info.Author("Uzi Granot");
Info.Keywords("PDF, .NET, C#, Library, Document Creator");
Info.Subject("PDF File Writer II C# Class Library");

When PdfInfo object is created, four additional fields are added to the dictionary. You can override all of them in your code.

// set creation and modify dates
DateTime LocalTime = DateTime.Now;

// set creator and producer
Info.Creator("PdfFileWriter C# Class Library Version " + PdfDocument.RevisionNumber);
Info.Producer("PdfFileWriter C# Class Library Version " + PdfDocument.RevisionNumber);

Memory Control

As a document is being built, the PDF File Writer accumulates all the information required to create the PDF file. The information is kept in memory except for images and embedded files. Images and embedded files are automatically written to the output file when they are declared. For very large documents the memory used keeps growing. The library offers methods (CommitToPdfFile) to write contents information to the output file and invoke the garbage collector to free the unused memory. The GC.Collect method takes time to execute. If execution time is an issue, set the GCCollect argument once every few pages. In other words, the CommitToPdfFile must run for every page but the cleanup is done once every few pages. Once a commit was executed, no additional information can be added. PdfTable automatically starts a new page when the next row cannot fit at the bottom of the current page. The PdfTable class has two members CommitToPdfFile and CommitGCCollectFreq to control memory usage while a table is being build. The PdfChart class generates an image from the .NET Chart class. The DrawChart method of PdfContents will perform the commit. Alternatively, you can call CommitToPdfFile method of PdfChart.

// PdfContents, PdfXObject and PdfTilingPattern
// Commit the contents to output file.
// Once committed, this PdfContents cannot be used.
// The argument is GCCollect

Transparency, Opacity, Alpha Color Component and Blending

By default the PDF imaging model paints objects (shapes, lines, text and images) opaquely onto the page. Each new object completely obscures the image under it. PDF has two mechanisms to change this behavior opacity and blending. The graphic state dictionary has opacity value for stroking (pen) and non-stroking (brush) operations. The opacity value of fully opaque is 1.0 and fully transparent is 0.0. The opacity value corresponds to the alpha component of a color structure such that 1.0 is 255 alpha and 0.0 is 0 alpha. If the opacity value is 0.5 a new object painted on the page will be 50% transparent. To set opacity call the SetAlphaStroking method for lines or SetAlphaNonStroking method for shapes. Blending is a process of combining the color on the page with the color of the new item being painted. To set a bland mode call the SetBlendMode method of PdfContents. The argument is BlendMode enumeration. For full description please refer to section 7.2.4 Blend Mode of the PDF specifications document. For example please refer to OtherExample.cs page 8.

Document Links and Named Destination

Document links allow PDF document users to click on the link and jump to another part of the document. Adding document links is done in two parts. The destination is defined as a location marker. Location marker must have a unique name, a scope (LocalDest or NamedDest), and document location (page and position). NamedDest Scope can be used for either document link or for named destination or both. The second part is the link location. The two parts can be defined in any order. They are tied together by the name. The name is case sensitive. Many links can point to the same location marker.

Named destinations are targets within the PDF document. They are defined with location marker in the same way as document links. The scope must be set to NamedDest. When a PDF reader such as Adobe Acrobat opens a PDF document it can open the document while displaying the target in the viewing window.

To embed a location marker call the AddLocationMarker method of PdfPage. Note: Name is case sensitive.

// Add location marker to the document (PdfPage method)
public void AddLocationMarker
  string LocMarkerName,   // unique destination name (case sensitive)
  LocMarkerScope Scope,   // eigther LocalDest or NamedDest
  DestFit FitArg,         // fit argument (see below)
  params double[] SideArg // 0, 1 or 4 side dimension argument (see below)

To add link location call AddLinkLocation method of PdfPage.

public PdfAnnotation AddLinkAction
  string LocMarkerName,    // location marker name
  PdfRectangle AnnotRect   // rectangle area on the page to activate the jump

For more information about named destinations please refer to Adobe PDF file specification “PDF Reference, Sixth Edition, Adobe Portable Document Format Version 1.7 November 2006”. Table 8.2 on page 582.

  • DestFit.Fit (no arg): Display the page, with its contents magnified just enough to fit the entire page within the window both horizontally and vertically.
  • DestFit.FitH (1 arg Top): Display the page, with the vertical coordinate top positioned at the top edge of the window and the contents of the page magnified just enough to fit the entire width of the page within the window.
  • DestFit.FitV (1 arg Left): Display the page, with the horizontal coordinate left positioned at the left edge of the window and the contents of the page magnified just enough to fit the entire height of the page within the window.
  • DestFit.FitR (4 args Left Bottom Right Top): Display the page, with its contents magnified just enough to fit the rectangle specified by the coordinates left, bottom, right, and topentirely within the window both horizontally and vertically.
  • DestFit.FitB (No arg): Display the page, with its contents magnified just enough to fit its bounding box entirely within the window both horizontally and vertically.
  • DestFit.FitBH (1 arg Top): Display the page, with the vertical coordinate top positioned at the top edge of the window and the contents of the page magnified just enough to fit the entire width of its bounding box within the window.
  • DestFit.FitBV (1 arg Left): Display the page, with the horizontal coordinate left positioned at the left edge of the window and the contents of the page magnified just enough to fit the entire height of its bounding box within the window.

The PDF reader's calling parameters are defined in Parameters for Opening PDF Files by Adobe. If the PDF is opened on a desktop computer the calling line must be:

"path\AcroRd32.exe" /A "nameddest=ChapterXX" "path\Document.pdf"

If the PDF document is pointed by a link in a web page, the destination is appended to the link:

<a href="">Target description</a>

Or: <a href="">Target description</a>

Encryption Support

The PDF File Writer library provides support to AES 128 and Standard 128 (RC4) encryption. For more information, please refer to PDF Reference sixth edition (Version 1.7) section 3.5 Encryption. The PDF File writer supports two types of encryption filters, the AES-128 and Standard 128. The Standard 128 is RC4 encryption. It is considered unsafe. For new project do not use it. It does not support public key security to encode recipient list.

To encrypt your PDF document call one of four SetEncryption methods defined in PdfDocument class:

Set Encryption with no arguments.

The PDF File Writer library will encrypt the PDF document using AES-128 encryption. The PDF reader will open the document without requesting a password. Permissions flags are set to allow all.


Set Encryption with one argument.

The PDF File Writer library will encrypt the PDF document using AES-128 encryption. The argument is permissions. Permission flags are defined below. You can or together more than one permission. The PDF reference manual has full description of permissions. The PDF reader will open the document without requesting a password.

Document.SetEncryption(Permission Permissions);

Set Encryption with two arguments.

The PDF File Writer library will encrypt the PDF document using AES-128 encryption. The two arguments are user password and permissions. The PDF reader will open the document with user password. Permissions will be set as per argument.

Document.SetEncryption(String UserPassword, Permission Permissions);

Set Encryption with four arguments.

The PDF File Writer library will encrypt the PDF document using either EncryptionType.Aes128 encryption or EncryptionType.Standard128 encryption. The four arguments are user password, owner password, permissions, and encryption type. If user password is null, the default password will be taken. If owner password in null, the software will generate random number password. The Standard128 encryption is considered unsafe. It should not be used for new projects.

A PDF reader such as Acrobat will accept either user or owner password. If owner password is used to open document, the PDF reader will open it with all permissions set to allow operation.

Document.SetEncryption(String UserPassword, String OwnerPassword,
    Permission Permissions, EncryptionType Type);

Permission flags are as follows:

// Full description is given in
// PDF Reference Version 1.7 Table 3.20
public enum Permission
    None = 0,
    LowQalityPrint = 4, // bit 3
    ModifyContents = 8, // bit 4
    ExtractContents = 0x10, // bit 5
    Annotation = 0x20, // bit 6
    Interactive = 0x100, // bit 9
    Accessibility = 0x200, // bit 10
    AssembleDoc = 0x400, // bit 11
    Print = 0x804, // bit 12 + bit 3
    All = 0xf3c, // bits 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12

Sticky Notes or Text Annotations.

The PDF reference document defines Sticky Notes or Text Annotation in Section 8.4 page 621. “A text annotation represents a “sticky note” attached to a point in the PDF document. When closed, the annotation appears as an icon; when open, it displays a pop-up window containing the text of the note in a font and size chosen by the viewer application. Text annotations do not scale and rotate with the page; they behave as if the NoZoom and NoRotate annotation flags (see Table 8.16 on page 608) were always set. Table 8.23 shows the annotation dictionary entries specific to this type of annotation.”

Adding a sticky note to your document is very simple. You add one single line of code. The sticky note is added to a PdfPage object. It is not part of the page contents. The position of the sticky note is an absolute page location measured from the bottom left corner of the page to the top left corner of the sticky note icon. The text string is the content of the pop-up window. The stick note argument is one of enumeration items below.

// sticky note text annotation
Page.AddStickyNote(PageAbsPosX, PageAbsPosY,
    "My first sticky note", StickyNoteIcon.Note);
// Sticky note icon
public enum StickyNoteIcon
    // Comment (note: no icon)

    // Key
    // Note (default)
    // Help
    // New paragraph
    // Paragraph
    // Insert

Layers or Optional Content.

The PDF specification document (section 4.10) defines optional contents as follows. “Optional content (PDF 1.5) refers to sections of content in a PDF document that can be selectively viewed or hidden by document authors or consumers. This capability is useful in items such as CAD drawings, layered artwork, maps, and multi-language documents.”

Adobe Acrobat viewer has navigation panels on the left side of the screen. One of them is the layers panel. If a PDF document uses layers, the layers control switches will be displayed in this panel. The user can display or hide items that were attached to these layer controls.

Adding layers to your PDF document. The full example is given in LayersExample.cs. In addition, OtherExample.cs has examples of using layers to control images and annotations.

Create the main layers control object. One per document.

// create a layers control object and give it a name.
// only one object like that is allowed.
// The name will be displayed in the layer panel.
PdfLayers Layers = new PdfLayers(Document, "PDF layers group");

Set the list mode option. The default is all pages

// List mode
Layers.ListMode = ListMode.AllPages; // default

// or
Layers.ListMode = ListMode.VisiblePages;

Create one or more layers objects. Each one will correspond to one check box on the layer panel. Each one can control one or many displayed items.

// create one or more layer objects
PdfLayer LayerName = new PdfLayer(Layers, "Layer name");

Several layers can be combined into radio buttons group. One group of radio buttons can be all off or just one layer on.

// Optionally combine three layers into
// one group of radio buttons
LayerName1.RadioButton = "Group1";
LayerName2.RadioButton = "Group1";

Set the order of layers in the layer pane. If DisplayOrder method is not used, the program will list all layers specified above on the same main level. If DisplayOrder method is used, all layers must be included

The list of layers can have sub-groups with optional name

// display order
Layers.DisplayOrderStartGroup("Sub Group");

Define an area within contents stream to be controlled by layer

// contents stream start layer marker

// your contents methods to be
// controlled by LayerName1

// end of LayerName1 area

Control an image or annotation directly. The image can be anywhere within the document.

// image or annotation control
QREncoder QREncoder = new QREncoder();
QREncoder.ErrorCorrection = ErrorCorrection.M;
QREncoder.Encode("Some data");
PdfImage QRImage = new PdfImage(Document);
QRImage.LayerControl = LayerName1;

Initial Document Display.

The initial document display controls the appearance of your document when it is displayed by the PDF viewer (Acrobat). It controls the left pane of the screen.

For example, open the bookmarks pane.

Document.InitialDocDisplay = InitialDocDisplay.UseBookmarks;
// initial document display enumeration
public enum InitialDocDisplay
// keep the left pane closed

// open the bookmarks pane

// open the page thumbnails

// full screen mode

// open layers

// open attachments

XMP Metadata.

The XMP file or byte array are embedded in a metadata stream contained in a PDF object. The XMP must be encoded as UTF-8. The PdfFileWriter includes the input file or input byte array as given by the user. The user must ensure the XMP input is a valid metafile. The XMP stream is not compressed or encrypted. This allows readers to get the metadata information with little programming. You should include the XMP metadata shortly after the PdfDocument is created and before any image is loaded. By doing so the metadata will be at the start of the file and it will be readable by simple text editors.

// adding metadata
new PdfMetadata(Document, FileName);

// or
new PdfMetadata(Document, ByteArray);

Debug Mode

The test/demo/debug program TestPdfFileWriter program is a simulation of your own application. When you press on the “Article Example” button, the program executes the code in ArticleExample.cs source file. The image at the start of the article displays the resulted PDF file. This method demonstrates the creation of one page document with some text and graphics. After going through this example, you should have a good understanding of the process. The other example buttons produce a variety of PDF documents. In total, practically every feature of this library is demonstrated by these examples.

The Debug check box, if checked, will create a PDF file that can be viewed with a text editor but cannot be loaded to a PDF reader or viewer. The resulted file is not compressed and images and font file are replaced with text place holder. The Debug check box should be used for debugging only.

Image 4


Integrating PdfFileWriter to your application requires the following steps. Install the attached PdfFileWriter.dll file in your development area. Start the Visual C# program and open your application. Go to the Solution Explorer, right click on References and select Add Reference. Select the Browse tab and navigate your file system to the location of the PdfFileWriter.dll. When your application is published, the PdfFileWriter.dll must be included.

If you want access to the source code of the PdfFileWriter project, install the PdfFileWriter project in your development area. The PdfFileWriter.dll will be in PdfFileWriter\bin\Release directory.

Add the following statement to all source modules using this library.

using PdfFileWriter;


PdfFileWriter 1.28.0 projects and before are not compatible with PdfFileWriter 2.0.0, however, they are close enough to allow for conversion with some effort. The following list shows most of the main changes.

  • All class names start with Pdf.
  • All methods related to drawing text strings are controled by PdfDrawTextCtrl.
  • All methods related to drawing barcodes are controled by PdfDrawBarcodeCtrl.
  • All methods related to drawing rectangles, rounded rectangles, inverted rounded rectangles, and ovals controled by PdfDrawCtrl.
  • Creating image resources was changed from multiple constructors to one constructor and setting fields and methods.
  • All annotation derived classes were rewriten.



  • 2013/04/01: Version 1.0 Original Version.
  • 2013/04/09: Version 1.1 Support for countries with decimal separator other than period.
  • 2013/07/21: Version 1.2 The original revision supported image resources with jpeg file format only. Version 1.2 support all image files acceptable to Bitmap class. See ImageFormat class. The program was tested with: Bmp, Gif, Icon, Jpeg, Png and Tiff. See Section 2.3 and Section 3.8 above.
  • 2014/02/07: Version 1.3 Fix bug in PdfContents.DrawBezierNoP2(PointD P1, PointD P3).
  • 2014/03/01: Version 1.4 Improved support for character substitution. Improved support for image inclusion. Some fixes related to PdfXObject.
  • 2014/05/05: Version 1.5 Barcode support without use of fonts. Four barcodes are included: Code-128, Code-39, UPC-A and EAN-13. See Section 2.5 and Section 3.7.
  • 2014/07/09: Version 1.6 (1) The CreateFile method resets the PdfDocument to initial condition after file creation. (2) The PdfFont object releases the unmanaged code resources properly.
  • 2014/08/25: Version 1.7 Support for document encryption, web-links and QR Code.
  • 2014/09/12: Version 1.8 Support for bookmarks.
  • 2014/10/06: Version 1.9 Support for charting, PrintDocument and image Metafiles.
  • 2014/10/12: Version 1.9.1 Fix to ChartExample. Parse numeric fields in regions with decimal separator other than period.
  • 2014/12/02: Version 1.10.0 Support for data tables. Add source code documentation. Increase maximum number of images per document.
  • 2015/01/12: Version 1.11.0 Support for video, sound, and attachment files. Add support for Interleave 2 of 5 barcode.
  • 2015/04/13: Version 1.12.0 Support for reordering pages and enhance data table border lines support.
  • 2015/05/05: Version 1.13.0 PDF document output to a stream. PDF table insert page break. Image quality enhancement. Support for Standard-128 (RC4) encryption.
  • 2015/06/08: Version 1.14.0 Support for long text blocks or TextBox within PDF Table.
  • 2015/06/09: Version 1.14.1 one-line change to Copy method of PdfTableStyle class.
  • 2015/06/17: Version 1.15.0 Document information dictionary. PdfImage rewrite. Additional image saving options.
  • 2015/06/18: Version 1.15.1 Remove unused source from solution explorer.
  • 2015/07/27: Version 1.16.0 Unicode support. Commit page method.
  • 2015/08/07: Version 1.16.1 Fix for small (<0.0001) real numbers conversion to string.
  • 2015/09/01: Version 1.16.2 Fix for undefined characters. The selected font does not support characters used.
  • 2015/09/22: Version 1.16.3 PdfTable constructor uses current page size to calculate the default table area rectangle. When PdfTable starts a new page the page type and orientation is taken from the previous page.
  • 2015/09/30: Version 1.16.4 Consistent use of IDisposable interface to release unmanaged resources.
  • 2016/01/26: Version 1.17.0 WPF graphics, transparency, color blending, elliptical arcs and quadratic Bezier curves.
  • 2016/02/29: Version 1.17.1 PdfTable will display headers properly when the first column header is a TextBox.
  • 2016/03/22: Version 1.17.2 PdfInfo PDF documents properties will be displayed properly.
  • 2016/04/14: Version 1.17.3 Fix problem with non-integer font size in regions that define decimal separator to be non-period (comma).
  • 2016/05/24: Version 1.18.0 Named destinations and creation of PdfFont resource.
  • 2016/06/02: Version 1.18.1 Re-apply 1.17.3 fix.
  • 2016/06/13: Version 1.19.0 Document links. Changes to named destination. Interactive features support to TextBox and PdfTable.
  • 2016/07/27: Version 1.19.1 Fix: AddLocationMarker fix for regions with decimal separator not period.
  • 2017/08/31: Version 1.19.2 Fix: Debug working directory is not saved as part of the project
  • 2018/06/26: Version 1.19.3 Fix PdfFontFile.BuildLocaTable method. Long format buffer pointer initialization. Fix PdfTableCell add value type of DBNull.
  • 2018/07/15: Version 1.20.0 Modify QR Code support by adding number of pixels per module.
  • 2019/02/06: Version 1.21.0 Support for PDF417 barcode.
  • 2019/02/13: Version 1.21.1 Fix for PDF417 barcode quiet zone.
  • 2019/02/18: Version 1.22.0 Support for sticky notes.
  • 2019/05/26: Version 1.23.0 Support for layers and changes to QRCode and Pdf417 barcode.
  • 2019/06/06: Version 1.24.0 Support for layers control of images and annotations.
  • 2019/06/20: Version 1.24.1 Support for meter as unit of measure.
  • 2019/07/15: Version 1.25.0 Support for font collections (mainly CJK fonts) and for non-ASCII font names.
  • 2019/07/28: Version 1.26.0 Support for XMP Metadata and QR Code ECI Assignment Number.
  • 2020/09/09: Version 1.27.0 Fix out of memory problem related to PDF417 barcode. The problem only occurred under unusual circumstances.
  • 2021/03/31: Version 1.28.0 Upgrade of the internal file structure to include object streams and cross reverence streams.
  • 2022/02/01: Version 2.0.0 PDF File Writer II Version.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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Comments and Discussions

GeneralRe: Some errors in my VS2015 Pin
Pino Carafa19-Feb-19 1:50
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QuestionCode 128 barcode? Pin
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AnswerRe: Code 128 barcode? Pin
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GeneralRe: Code 128 barcode? Pin
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QuestionPrevious versions Pin
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AnswerRe: Previous versions Pin
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Questionhow to datagridview transfer to pdf, then save to folder or send to e-mail Pin
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how to datagridview transfer to pdf, then save to folder or send to e-mail? OMG | :OMG:
AnswerRe: how to datagridview transfer to pdf, then save to folder or send to e-mail Pin
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QuestionHow to convert HTML file with PDF using your library Pin
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AnswerRe: How to convert HTML file with PDF using your library Pin
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Question.Net Framework 3.5 Pin
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AnswerRe: .Net Framework 3.5 Pin
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AnswerRe: Headers and Footers Pin
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SuggestionPDF Templates Pin
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Questioncurious what you might use to parse an existing pdf file so you could manipulate it with your library Pin
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